Different Types of Glues

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Glues range from simple glues for household tasks to strong, specialist glues
Glues range from simple glues for household tasks to strong, specialist glues (Image: bottle of glue on black marble image by phizics from Fotolia.com)

There are numerous types of glues available to suit the full range of materials that require bonding, but you must match the right type of glue to the task. For example, most household tasks or straightforward crafts will require a different glue to the high-performing, specialist glues used in industries such as automobile manufacturing.

Water-based Glues

Water-based glues, which include the popular white glues or PVAs (polyvinyl acetates), are probably the most common adhesives on the market. They are the choice for general household and school purposes. Other names for PVAs include wood glue and carpenter's glue. PVAs are ideal for bonding porous materials, such as wood or paper. Water-based glues include vegetable glues, resin cements, animal or protein glues and latex cements, according to Adhesives Toolkit.

Super Glues

These glues set fast and are ideal for bonding hard surfaces. Cyanoacrylates, otherwise known as Super Glue or Krazy Glue, are best for low-temperature applications. These adhesives are strong, so you only need to use a little, says the gluguru.com.

Two-part Adhesives

Two-part adhesives include epoxies, polyurethanes and acrylics. Two substances are mixed together, and this produces a chemical reaction, says TWI Technology Engineering. They are strong glues, suitable for coach and boat building, roofing and cladding.

Animal/wood Glues

Hide glues and gelatin-based animal glues are very strong and ideal for woodwork. Traditional animal glue is the adhesive choice of a lot of traditional furniture makers and is ideal for furniture restoration. You can warm and re-use any leftover glue, says the toolpost.co.uk.

Contact Adhesives

Contact adhesives are mainly synthetic rubber-based resin products. They can be used to bond a range of materials such as leather, textiles and glass. The ultimate bond is very strong and flexible.

Starch-based Glues

Most wallpaper adhesives are made of starch. This is a simple type of glue, reminiscent of the flour and water paste that parents and kindergarten teachers use with children.

Anaerobic Adhesives

Anaerobic adhesives are well-suited for industrial applications. According to the Henkel Corporation, the first use of this type of adhesive was to glue a screw in the carburetor of a car's engine. Anaerobic adhesives can secure and seal a range of mechanical fittings in vehicles, buildings and farm equipment.

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