Kidney disease occurs when cysts form within the kidney ducts and prevent the proper flow of liquid to and from the kidney. Medication is sometimes used as a treatment, or, in extreme cases, a kidney transplant may be necessary.
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Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is common in people with kidney disease. As the kidney swells, the blood vessels are narrowed, which causes the heart to have to pump harder.
The enlarging of the kidney due to the collection of fluids can begin to cause pain in the area of the body where the kidney is located. In some cases, this pain will also move down the leg on that side of the body.
Another side effect of the enlargement of the kidney is abdominal bloating. This creates a full feeling in the abdomen and can also create abdominal cramps.
As the kidney retains fluids, there will be an increase in the urge to urinate. Cysts in the kidney may cause urination to be painful, or there could be blood in the urine.
The kidney helps regulate waste products released into the blood. When the kidney is not functioning properly, waste products get into the blood and cause nausea.