Children with learning and physical disabilities often have difficulty with the traditional arts and crafts done in schools and playgroups. Adapting crafts to a variety of skill levels helps keep disabled kids involved and happy during craft time, according to the KinderArt website. Many craft projects are beneficial in helping kids learn about shapes, colors and motor skills.
Leaf by Leaf
The Leaf by Leaf project is a wonderful project for groups of children with varying degrees of skill. Kids will work together to create a tree sculpture full of leaves. For this project, students will need to use leaf stencils, felt tipped markers, crayons, brown paper, colored construction paper, scissors, and masking tape. Have the students work together to trace out the leaf patterns on the construction paper. Teachers and aides can help students create a tree trunk from the brown paper and tape the trunk to the wall. Allow students to color leaves using any colors or designs they wish. For students who have difficulty gripping crayons, consider purchasing specialty crayons that are larger than typical crayons and easier to grip. When the leaves are complete, have students who can comfortably use scissors cut out the leaf shapes. Assist all of the kids in the group in taping their leaves to the tree trunk to create a big, colorful, wall sculpture. This project helps kids learn group cooperation, overlapping skills and mixing colors.
Corn Meal with Powder Paint
According to the KinderArt website, the Corn Meal with Powder Paint project is a wonderful project for kids who need to learn about texture and color and improve eye hand coordination. The supplies needed to complete this craft include something to cover the tables, popsicle sticks, white glue, various colors of powder paint mixed with corn meal, thick construction paper and hair spray. Begin by allowing children to dip the popsicle sticks into glue and create designs on the paper. Then have them shake the powder paint and corn meal mixture on to the paper to cover their glue designs. Mixing corn meal with the powder paint will help students identify the different textures between the two materials. They will also be able to observe how the corn meal reacts differently to the glue. Spray the finished art work with hair spray to help set the materials and display them proudly.
Tissue Paper Butterflies
Making tissue paper butterflies helps children learn about transferring colors and making shapes. For this craft, kids will need scissors, coffee filters, various colors of tissue paper, water, paint brushes and pipe cleaners. If children have the ability to use scissors with ease, allow them to cut the coffee filters into shapes that resemble butterfly wings. Teachers or parents may assist with the cutting if necessary. Have children paint the coffee filters completely with water, then press squares of colored tissue paper on to the coffee filters. Allow the butterflies to dry for about 15 minutes, then pick off the pieces of tissue paper. The colors from the tissue paper will remain on the coffee filters. Wrap a pipe cleaner around the middle of the filters and twist them to resemble a butterfly body and antennae.