How to Build a Ramp for Stairs

Adding a ramp to a building that is only accessible with a staircase will make the building available to more individuals. In addition to those in wheelchairs, there are many people who can walk but find staircases, particularly long ones, to be difficult to climb. The ramp makes the increase more gradual, making it easier to walk or roll up or down the distance.

Things You'll Need

  • Wood stakes
  • String
  • Staple gun
  • Shovel
  • Wood 2 by 6's
  • Saws
  • Wood 4 by 4s
  • Wood 2 by 4s
  • Plywood sheet, 3/4 inches
  • Hammer
  • Nails

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Mark off the angle of the ramp using the string. Hammer stakes into the ground and attach the string using the staple gun.

Dig holes for the 4 by 4 support beams every 4 feet. The support beams run along either side of the ramp, and are used for securing the floor of the ramp as well as hanging side rails to prevent users from falling off and should be secured with holes that are at least 1 foot deep.

Insert the beams into the holes and fill in the area around the beams with dirt to secure them in place. The top of the beams should be 34 inches above the string at the point each is positioned.

Attach the bottom supports of the ramp by nailing 2 by 6 planks along the insides of the wood support beams. Use the string to ensure that the support beams are running at the correct angle for the ramp. The first and last plank on each end will require a cut to allow them to run flush along the ground and flush against the wall being ascended, respectively.

Attach the two support beams with 2 by 6 planks. Cut and position a plank between each pair of support beams, and secure in place with nails.

Cut and nail 2 by 6 planks in the center of each of the rectangular sections created by hanging the cross planks in Step 5. The planks should run parallel to the side support beams, and perpendicular to the cross beams from Step 4.

Nail plywood planks atop the support frame using the hammer to complete the floor of the ramp.

Nail wood 2 by 4s along the inner edges of the support beams at the top of the beams. These will be the ramp's hand rails.

Nail a row of 2 by 4s that is 4 inches above the top of the plywood. This will be the guard to prevent the wheels of a chair from slipping off the ramp.

Nail wood 2 by 4s to the inner edges of the beams centered between the hand rail and the lower guard to complete the ramp's protective rail structure.


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