How to Install Ceramic Floor Tile

One of the longest lasting floor choices is also one of the most beautiful. Ceramic tile. With the choices available and the possible design-mixtures, the homeowner can create a work of art. The popularity of ceramic tile flooring caused the industry to create methods and machinery that homeowners could use. Now, there is no need to call the expensive tile-laying service, consumers everywhere are doing it themselves.

Things You'll Need

  • Wet saw
  • Wax pencil
  • Thin set mortar
  • Grout
  • Mortar trowel
  • Grout trowel
  • Bucket
  • Sponge
  • Soft cloth
  • Tile spacers
  • Tile chippers
  • Chalk line
  • Measuring tape

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Be certain the area getting the tile is clean and free from dust. Starting in the center of the room requires a reference point. This is found by popping a chalk line from corner to corner. This marks the center of the room with an “X”.

Measure the tile from corner to corner and mark the lines on the floor accordingly. This will center the first tile. Mix only enough mortar that can be used in a short amount of time. Trowel the mortar onto the floor and set the first tile.

Use the tile spacers to separate the rest of the tiles as you lay them. Cut around obstacles with the wet saw and chippers. Allow the laid tile to set for 24 hours before applying the grout.

Mix the grout according to the instructions on the material. Force grout into the grout lines created by the spacers with the grout trowel. Again, only work an area that will use up the grout before it has a chance to cure.

Once an area is grouted, clean the excess up with a damp sponge wringing it often. When grout dries to a haze, polish it with a soft cloth. Wait 72 hours before sealing the grout with grout sealer.

Tips & Warnings

  • Always wear safety glasses.
  • Force grout into grout lines by criss-crossing them.
  • Clean excess grout with a circular motion.
  • Mark cut lines of tile with the wax pencil
  • When applying the sealer to the grout, only get it on the grout.
  • Wet saw blades can cause injury even though it has no teeth.
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