How to Propagate Bird of Paradise

Things You'll Need

  • Knife

  • Rooting hormone

  • Pots

  • Potting soil

  • Bowl

  • Vermiculite

  • Glass jar

Birds of paradise can be propagated through division or seeds.

The bird of paradise, known scientifically as the Strelitzia reginae, is a flowering member of the banana family. Instead of having a trunk, however, it has many stalks that grow out of a unified root system. You can propagate birds of paradise by dividing an adult plant or cultivating them from seeds.


Step 1

Propagate an adult bird of paradise plant in the early spring, before it gets its new growth.

Step 2

Remove the bird of paradise from the pot.

Step 3

Locate the natural divisions where the plant seems to be splitting. In a large plant, there may be two or three distinct clusters where the bird of paradise is already trying to split apart.

Step 4

Separate the roots from each other as much as you can, leaving each section with its own clump of roots.

Step 5

Cut the plants apart with a clean, sharp knife. Be careful not to disturb the roots more than you have to, but the plant itself is fairly hardy.

Step 6

Dust the cut areas with a rooting hormone to encourage new growth.

Step 7

Re-pot each section in its own large container, using a normal commercial potting soil.

Step 8

Avoid watering the plants for 2 or 3 days to let the new cuts heal a little, and then water moderately until the plants are established.


Step 1

Fill a bowl with room temperature water and soak the seeds in the bowl overnight.

Step 2

Nick the seeds with a very sharp knife to facilitate sprouting. The hard case of the bird of paradise seed can make germination difficult if there is no opening.

Step 3

Plant the seeds in a pot filled with vermiculite. They should be planted about ½ inch in the vermiculite.

Step 4

Place a glass jar upside down over the seeds to keep them humid.

Step 5

Keep the soil moist, but not soggy. The seeds should germinate within 8 to 12 weeks.

Step 6

Transplant the bird of paradise seedlings when they have produced two leaves.