Raffia is a versatile fiber harvested from the raffia palm tree. Harvested mainly in Madagascar and exported around the world, raffia fiber is a popular choice for making items such as hats, mats and baskets. Dried raffia is a natural light tan color. Many suppliers offer a selection of dyed raffia, but if you are working on a project that requires a particular color of raffia and your supplier does not offer the color you need, you can color the raffia yourself.
Things You'll Need
- Old clothes
- Rubber gloves
- Dust mask
- Dye formulated for wood and rattan
- Non-aluminum mixing container, 1 pt. capacity
- Measuring spoon, 1 tbsp.
- Household spoon
- Non-aluminum pot, 2-gallon capacity
- 1/2 cup salt
- Long-handled mixing spoon
- 1/3 cup soda ash
- Dish drainer or wire rack
Fill a sink with hot tap water. If the raffia is in a tied bundle, loosen the tie and separate the strands of raffia slightly. Immerse the raffia in the hot water and let it soak for one hour.
Remove the raffia from the hot water and let the excess water drain off. Put on old clothes, rubber gloves and a dust mask.
Measure out 2 tbsp. of dye powder and place in a small non-aluminum mixing container. Add 1 tbsp. of water and mix with a spoon until it becomes a smooth paste.
Place 1 tbsp. of the dye paste in a 2-gallon-capacity non-aluminum pot. Add 1/4 cup of hot tap water to dissolve the paste.
Add 1 gallon of hot tap water to the pot. Using a long-handled mixing spoon, stir in 1/2 cup of salt until it dissolves.
Place the wet raffia in the dye bath, immersing it completely and ensuring that the dye can reach all of the strands of raffia. Turn the raffia over every 10 minutes with tongs or gloved hands.
Monitor the raffia for the developing color. When the raffia is twice as dark as the color you desire (it will dry lighter), stop the dye action by “fixing” the dye.
Mix 1/3 cup of soda ash with 1 cup of hot tap water in a separate container until dissolved. Pour this solution into the dye bath and stir to mix.
Remove the raffia from the dye bath anytime within two hours of pouring in the soda ash solution fixative. Once the dye is "fixed," it will not add additional color to the raffia. Leaving the raffia in the water longer than two hours may harm the strands.
Rinse the raffia under cool running water until the water runs clear. Place the raffia on a dish drainer or wire rack to allow air circulation as the raffia dries.