Dust mites are microscopic insects that feed on the dead skin cells of animals and humans, as well as mold spores. Dust mites viewed under a microscope are spider-like in appearance. According to Aerias.org, they not only contribute to poor indoor air quality, they are also known to trigger allergies and asthma. Getting rid of dust mites on furniture is a good first step in removing them from your home, but it is important to remember that all surfaces need to be cleaned as well if the dust mites are to be eliminated.
Things You'll Need
Vacuum with heap-filter
Multisurface clean and dust spray
Remove any pillow covers or blankets from the furniture and wash them in hot water if they are washing machine safe--otherwise dry clean. Any throw pillows should be removed as well, and dry cleaned if necessary.
Take down any curtains or draperies that are in the room. Curtains and draperies should be washed in the washing machine with hot water, if possible. Otherwise, haul them off to the dry cleaners with everything else.
Vacuum the room well with a vacuum that has a hepa filter. This would include the carpeting, the furniture itself and any other fabric items in the room that cannot be taken down and washed such as, vertical blinds made of fabric.
Rent a steam cleaner or hire someone to come in and steam clean your fabric furniture and your carpeting. Any dust mites that are left behind after vacuuming will be no match for the steam cleaner since its heat will kill them instantly.
Wipe down wooden or lacquer furniture and other hard surfaces in the room with a multisurface clean and dust spray. The dust spray, in combination with a microfiber cloth will work well to remove any remaining dust mites in the room.
Replace curtains, drapes, pillows and blankets after they have been cleaned. Repeat the process as often as necessary.
It is a good idea to start with the bedroom. Dust mites are noted for choosing the bed and mattress as their home. This means that they are probably making their way along the hard surfaces of your furniture, as well.
If you are choosing floor coverings for your basement—don’t choose carpeting. Moisture can develop in between the carpet fibers and the concrete, which dust mites love.