A rose bush is a great addition to any garden or home landscape. Roses come in various colors and forms, from trellising to upright and even low lying varieties. They are easy to maintain and are hardy in most environments. Roses work well in our landscapes because this phylum of plants is very adaptable.
Botanists use a plant classification system to avoid confusion when describing various plants. Many plants have multiple common names. The classification system begins with the broadest categories and ends with the most descriptive category, which is the genus and species of the plant. The categories in order are kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus and species.
Roses and the Phylum Magnoliaphyta
The first large division of life is the kingdom. There are two great kingdoms, the plant and animal kingdoms. Roses are included in the plant kingdom. The phylum is the next lower category. Roses are included in the phylum Magnoliaphyta. The plants in this phylum are known as the flowering plants or angiosperms. These plants produce seeds that are enclosed in a structure called a fruit.
Other Families of the Phylum Magnoliaphyta
There are ten main families of plants in the phylum Magnoliaphyta. These include asters, orchids, legumes, madders, grasses, mints, spurges, myrtles, dogbanes and melastomes. Grasses are not considered by many people to be a flowering plant, but they do have all the botanical parts to be classified as flowers. Therefore, roses can be considered related in some ways to grasses.
Complete Classification for Roses
The complete classification for roses from the largest category, kingdom, to the most defined category, species, is as follows: kingdom -- plant, phylum -- Magnoliaphyta, class -- Magnoliopsida, order -- Rosales, family -- Rosaceae, genus -- Rosa. There are many different species names to identify each individual rose. It is interesting that other members of the rose family include apples, apricots, plums, cherries, peaches, pears, raspberries, strawberries and almonds.