Putting screws into ceramic tile without breaking it may seem impossible at first, but if you have the right equipment and do things in the right order, you will find that it is actually a very simple process. However, this is one procedure you cannot alter successfully. You must use the right types of tools in order to install screws in ceramic tile without shattering it.
Things You'll Need
Ceramic tile cleaner
Diamond-tipped drill bit the size of your screws
Clean your ceramic tile. Any home improvement project works better on a clean surface, and drilling ceramic tile is no exception. Since drills tend to "skitter" around on ceramic tile anyway, you need a clean surface in order to work effectively. Wipe the tiles down with ceramic tile cleaner and a clean rag.
Make a masking tape "X" where you plan to place the screw. The center of the X will be where the hole will be. This will add extra friction to prevent the drill from sliding.
Drill a hole for the screw using the diamond-tipped bit. Do not use the screw to make the hole. Just drill the hole using the bit. Apply firm pressure and use a medium—not high—speed. This will take some time and patience, so be prepared.
Carefully clear the area around the hole. Remove the masking tape and wipe away any dust.
Use the screwdriver to gently screw the screw into the hole you made with the drill. Do not force it. If the hole is not quite big enough, then use a slightly larger bit and repeat the process. If you force the screw into the hole, you may shatter the ceramic tile.
If you are drilling through thick ceramic tile, spray your drill bit with water every minute or so to prevent overheating.
Wear safety goggles in case the ceramic tile shatters.