St. Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) is a robust grass that is commonly used in pastures and lawns in tropical or sub-tropical climates. Types of St. Augustine grasses are not available in seeds, but instead found in plug, sod or sprig form. There are many types of St. Augustine grasses that are known for their vivid green colors. All St. Augustine grasses grow best in full sunlight.
The Seville form of St. Augustine grass was created by O.M. Scott and Sons Company in 1980. Seville has the finest blade growth of the St. Augustine grasses.
Raleigh was created in the early 1980s by the North Carolina Experiment Station as a cold-tolerant strain of St. Augustine grass. Raleigh is fine-textured and more tolerant of shade that other types of St. Augustine grasses.
Floratine is one of several types of St. Augustine grass created for use in Florida. Floratine was first produced by the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station in 1959. Floratine has a greener color than many strains previously found in Florida.
Common, or Texas Common, has been produced in the United States since the early 1920. Common is similar to the "white stigma type" of St. Augustine that comes from the Caribbean and West Africa.
Palmetto is a semi-dwarf St. Augustine grass that has greater tolerance to temperatures, shade and sun than other types of St. Augustine grasses. Palmetto is known for its brighter color and finer texture than other St. Augustine grasses.