Methods of Installing Piles

Save

A pile is a post-like device used as a support in construction. The use of piles goes back to prehistoric times, and has continued into the modern world. Today, many types of structures use piles for support. While undertaking a construction project that might involve the use of piles, it is important to familiarize yourself with the different ways to install the piles.

Hammering

  • The most basic way to drive a pile into the ground is to do so with a hammer. When attempting to drive a pile with a hammer, you must take note of the size and weight of the pile, the level of resistance you expect to encounter from the ground, and the available space for the work to be done. Two common problems that can arise during hammer driving are springing and bouncing. Springing is excessive lateral vibration of the pile. This could result from the pile being out of alignment. Bouncing is usually a sign that your hammer is too light.

Single-Acting Steam or Mechanical Hammers

  • Single-acting steam and compressed air hammers can also be used to drive piles into the ground. These types of machines operate by raising a heavy hammer to the top of a tube through the use of air and/or steam, and then releasing all that steam or air, causing the hammer to drop.

Diesel Hammers

  • Diesel hammers raise the hammer through an explosion of gas. They are more powerful than single-acting steam hammers, but don't work on all types of ground.

Vibration

  • Vibration is another way to drive piles into the ground. Vibrating hammers are usually powered with electricity and hydraulics, and work by contra-rotating eccentric masses within a housing that attaches at the pile's head. This method is best used in sandy or gravelly soil.

Jetting

  • Jetting is another popular method of driving piles. Jetting uses pressurized water to drive the piles into the ground. Jetting does not work very well in ground with firm or stiff clay or a lot of gravel.

Auguring

  • Auguring is another form of pile installation. Several types of auguring exist, but they are all essentially the boring of a whole into the ground into which either a pile is dropped or a material, such as concrete, is poured.

References

Promoted By Zergnet

Comments

You May Also Like

  • Types of Piles

    Piles are an important part of construction. There are different kinds of piles that are designed to carry the weight of the...

  • How to Install Dock Piling

    It is not that difficult to install a dock piling if you have the right tools and the soil conditions are suitable....

  • How to Install Piling for a Beach House

    Pile foundations have been around for years, even as far back as the Roman Empire. According to AmazingPlans.com, beach homes are often...

  • What Are Pilings for House Foundations?

    Many people confuse a pier-supported house with a house that sits on pilings. Pilings are timber, metal or concrete columns driven many...

  • Methods of Determining the Angle of Repose

    If you have ever made castles in the sand, you might be familiar with the angle of repose. Slowly pour sand out...

  • Types of Foundation Piles

    Foundation piles are groups of cylindrical or flat sections of wood, steel or concrete that are driven into soil to form part...

  • DIY Underpinning

    Underpinning is done on a structure when the foundation needs to be strengthened, secured or built with extra support. When making the...

Related Searches

Check It Out

22 DIY Ways to Update Your Home on a Small Budget

M
Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!