Brick patio floors are a great addition to any backyard living area. They provide sturdy places for seating as well as enhance the aesthetic appeal of the landscaping. Installing an outdoor brick floor is not difficult and can be accomplished by homeowners without professional help. The most important step in installing an outdoor floor of any type is to ensure that the ground underneath the floor is level and properly compacted before laying the brick.
Things You'll Need
- Wooden stakes
- Wooden boards
- Gravel compactor
- Plate soil compactor
Lay pieces of string on the ground to mark the general boundary of the brick floor.
Use a shovel to remove 10 inches of soil from inside the boundaries of the string. Try to make the entire hole a uniform depth by inserting a ruler along each side. The depth of the hole should be the same along the entire perimeter of the hole edge as well as the center.
Use a hammer to drive two wooden stakes into the ground along the side of the house where the brick floor will be laid. Place one stake at each corner of the floor that joins the house.
Insert two additional wooden stakes into either corner of the outer edges of where the floor will be.
Nail wood boards between each of the stakes to create the frame for the floor. Place boards on each of the four sides and nail them to the wooden stakes. The boards nearest to the house should be placed three inches above the ground. Slope the boards away from the house so that they go down one inch for every eight feet of patio. For example, if the brick floor is eight feet long, the outer ends of the boards should be attached two inches above the ground.
Place four inches of gravel into the bottom of the brick floor. This allows for adequate drainage and prevents water from pooling on top of the finished floor.
Rent a gravel compactor from a home improvement store. Place the compactor on top of the gravel and roll it over the entire surface two to three times. Packing the gravel is necessary to prevent it from settling, which will cause dips in the finished floor.
Add several inches of sand to the floor area and spread it around as evenly as possible using a rake.
Drag a board lightly across the top of the sand to smooth it out.
Add more sand until it reaches the top of the boards and use a rake to spread it evenly.
Drag the board across the top of the sand again by resting it on top of the guide boards.
Use a plate soil compactor to pack the soil down well.
- Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Comstock/Getty Images
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