How to Stain a Pine Kitchen Table

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Pine is a fairly soft wood, and absorbs stain quickly and easily. When staining your pine table, do the work in a well-ventilated area that is away from sparks or flames since the stain is flammable. Visit your local home and garden supply or hardware store to procure the materials needed to undertake this project, and get ready to create a piece of furniture that is sure to one day become a well-loved family heirloom.

Things You'll Need

  • Drop cloths or newspaper
  • Fine gauge sandpaper (150 grit)
  • Rubber gloves
  • Wood conditioner
  • Stain
  • Paint brush
  • Rags
  • Clear polyurethane sealant
  • Disassemble the pine table if it is comprised of ornately carved legs, and if it has a leaf or leaves that are attached. If the legs are plain, there is no need to disassemble the table. Leaves should be stained separately.

  • Spread newspapers or drop cloths in the areas where you will be refinishing your pine table.

  • Lightly sand all parts of the pine table using fine gauge 150-grit sand paper. Sand with the grain of the wood. Brush away any dust created by sanding with a clean rag or new paint brush.

  • Apply the wood conditioner with a rag per the directions on the container. Rub into the wood with the rag until the conditioner has been absorbed. Allow about an hour of drying time before beginning the staining process.

  • Put on rubber gloves, since stain is harsh to the skin and difficult to wash off. Brush on the first coat of stain with the grain of the wood. Wipe away the excess with a clean rag. Once the first coat is applied, determine whether or not you want a deeper, richer color. If you do, you will need to apply a second coat of stain. Allow the first coat to dry for about two hours before applying the second coat.

  • Allow the second coat of stain to dry for about 12 hours. Run your hand along the table top with the gain of the wood. If there are any rough patches or places where the stain may have lifted the wood, lightly sand along these places. Brush away the dust with a rag.

  • Apply the first coat of clear coat polyurethane with a paint brush. Allow this coat to dry for about 8 hours. Apply a second coat. Allow this second coat a full 24 hours of drying time. Since this is a kitchen table, and will likely see a lot of activity, it may be wise to apply yet a third coat of polyurethane since it serves to protect the stained table underneath. Apply a third coat and allow 24 to 48 hours of drying time before reassembling the legs and leaves, and using the table.

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