Building a Brick Fireplace

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About Brick

  • Brick has long been a rustic-looking and traditional material to build a fireplace with. Not only is brick fireproof, it is cheap and readily available. Because brick comes in a few different varieties and grades and can be painted, the one you choose can be changed to match any interior improvements you make.

Building the Fireplace

  • A brick fireplace takes some time to build. You need to plan the fireplace, install the hearth bricks -- which are usually more heat resistant and a higher grade than exterior bricks, and then build the fireplace itself. Usually, it is a job for a trained mason, but someone with enough building skills can attempt to build one himself.

What Tools Do You Need?

  • To build a brick fireplace you will need bricks, a trowel and concrete or mortar. You should also use a level to check that each brick is perfectly level as you lay each one. When even one brick is slightly off, it compromises the entire structure. Many people will also run a string across the fireplace as they build each level as a guide. This makes the fireplace more level and easier to build.

How is it Done

  • A brick fireplace is first designed using a pencil and paper or design software. It can be built into a concrete structure or wall by cutting into the concrete and removing parts of the blocks, then stacking the bricks along the inside. It can be also be built in front of a wall, simply by stacking the bricks along the floor and up the wall.

Parts

  • A brick fireplace has a "floor" made of brick, a hearth and then a face. The hearth is also called the firebox. Some people choose to line these with highly heat-resistant bricks; others use regular brick. The outer walls of the fireplace are usually made with cheaper, construction-grade bricks and mortar. The fireplace will also connect to a flue and in most cases a chimney, so it has to be built close to one of these.

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