Jute is the common name for any plant in the Corchorus genus, which contains up to 100 species. White jute (Corchorus capsularis) and Tossa jute (Corchorus olitorius) have commercial importance as sources of natural fiber. The great majority of cultivated jute grows in the Ganges delta, and gardeners in other regions also grow jute as ornamental plants. Jute grows readily from seed and requires little maintenance in warm areas.
Things You'll Need
Purchase jute seeds from a commercial seed provider. Jute is rare in the United States, so you may not be able to obtain an adult plant.
Plant jute outside in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 10 and higher. This plant grows best in a hot, humid climate and cannot tolerate freezing temperatures. Most gardeners in the United States must grow jute in a container.
Fill a planting pot with rich potting soil. Mix peat with the soil as needed to lower the soil pH to between 5.1 and 6.8.
Sow the jute seeds on top of the soil, separating them by at least 1 inch. Cover the seeds with the thinnest possible layer of soil.
Place the pot in a warm, sunny location. A southern window is frequently the best choice for growing jute indoors. Keep the soil moist with at least 2 inches of water per week.
Remove all the jute seedlings from the pot except the tallest one when it reaches 6 to 8 inches in height. This typically requires less than one month, and the plant will reach maturity in about four months.
Place the jute plant outside in full sun whenever the outside temperature is above room temperature.