The cucumber is a warm-weather vegetable that grows easily in most home gardens. English cucumber is a thin-skinned variety commonly used in salads, as garnish or eaten by itself. This type of cucumber is much longer and thinner than other varieties. English cucumbers that are sold in stores are usually wrapped in plastic to protect their delicate skins.
Things You'll Need
- Rototiller or shovel and hoe
- Aged compost
- English cucumber seeds
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Prepare the soil by tilling well and removing all sprouting weeds from the area. Add aged compost and work it well into the soil. Till to a depth of at least 6 inches.
Plant English cucumbers after the last danger of frost has passed. Sow seeds in small hills 4 to 5 feet apart. Bury six seeds 1 inch deep in each hill. Nighttime temperatures should remain above 50 degrees Fahrenheit for cucumbers to grow well.
Thin the seedlings down to two or three per hill, keeping only the most vigorous plants. Take the discarded plants away from the garden area to avoid pest and disease problems.
Water the cucumber plants frequently. English cucumbers have shallow root systems and dry out quickly. Avoid overwatering; the soil should be moist, but not soggy. Increase the amount of water as the plants grow, since English cucumbers are mostly water and will grow best with adequate moisture.
Check often for cucumber beetles, as these tiny pests spread bacterial wilt among cucumber plants. Control them when the plants are small or the entire crop can be lost. Spray with a vegetable-safe pesticide labeled for cucumber beetles, if necessary.
Harvest English cucumbers before they reach full maturity, for best texture and flavor. Remove any yellowing fruits immediately, as they will affect the quality of the others on the vine.