Types of Fruit Preservatives

Preservatives are chemicals added to pharmaceutical, hygiene and food products to prevent and delay their decomposition. Fruit preservatives are commonly used in juices, jellies, canned fruit and dried fruit.

Fruit preserves.
Fruit preserves. (Image: Medioimages/Photodisc/Photodisc/Getty Images)

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Ascorbic Acid

Ascorbic acid, or Vitamin C, is used to preserve the color of a fruit drink by increasing the vitamin C content, which interacts with the unwanted oxygen and improves coloration.

Ascorbic acid preserves the color of juice.
Ascorbic acid preserves the color of juice. (Image: Stockbyte/Stockbyte/Getty Images)


Carrageenan, which is derived from seaweed, is a preservative that is used as a stabilizing agent for fruit jelly.

Plum jelly.
Plum jelly. (Image: zeleno/iStock/Getty Images)

Citric Acid

Found as a naturally occurring ingredient in fruit, citric acid, or sodium citrate, is a preservative used in fruit drinks.

Citric acid naturally occurs in citrus.
Citric acid naturally occurs in citrus. (Image: Ben Kayam/iStock/Getty Images)


EDTA, a preserving agent, is used in processed fruits to reduce the amount of metal contamination from food-manufacturing machines.

EDTA is used to preserve fruits.
EDTA is used to preserve fruits. (Image: Ryan McVay/Photodisc/Getty Images)

Benzoic Acid

Used to preserve fruit juice, sodium benzoate, or benzoic acid, has been used for the last 100 years to prevent microorganisms from growing in acidic fruits.

Fruit juice has preservatives.
Fruit juice has preservatives. (Image: Jupiterimages/Creatas/Getty Images)

Sorbic Acid

Sorbic acid, or potassium sorbate, is used to prevent mold from forming in dry fruits and jelly.

Jelly in jars.
Jelly in jars. (Image: Zedcor Wholly Owned/PhotoObjects.net/Getty Images)


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