Things You'll Need
Flat and Phillips screwdrivers
Soft bristle brush
Sturdy table or workbench
When summer ends and it's time to put your electric-start lawn mower away for the winter season, take care to properly store the mower battery. Careful winter storage involves cleaning and charging the battery before putting it up for the season. This will maximize the battery's service life and ensure the battery will be ready to start up your mower when the grass begins growing again in the spring.
Remove the battery from the mower. Access the battery by opening the mower's hood, if so equipped, then use a wrench or screwdriver to remove any covers, shrouds or panels that block access to the battery. Disconnect the black or negative cable first. Use a wrench to undo the bolt or nut holding the cable to the battery terminal. Pull the cable off the terminal and move it out of your way, making sure the cable end does not touch metal. Disconnect the red or positive cable in the same fashion. Undo the bolts or nuts securing any battery hold-down frame or clamp and move the hold-down out of the way.
Put on work gloves, reach into the battery compartment and lift out the battery. Some batteries have a lifting strap. If one is present, grasp it with one hand and use the other hand to guide the battery as you lift it out of the mower. Set the battery on a sturdy table or workbench to perform the other storage steps.
Clean the outside of the battery with a solution of 1/4 cup of baking soda dissolved in 6 quarts of clear water. Wet a rag in the solution and wipe down the outside of the battery. Use a soft bristle brush soaked in the baking soda solution to scrub the top of the battery. Be careful to not get the baking soda solution inside the battery. Allow it to stand for five minutes to thoroughly neutralize any acid residue. Wet another clean rag with clear water and wipe down the entire outside of the battery. Dry off the battery by wiping the entire outside with a clean, dry rag.
Check the fluid electrolyte level in the battery by unscrewing each battery cap and looking inside the hole. The fluid should completely cover the internal battery plates. Add distilled water if needed to bring up the fluid level. Do not use tap water. Sealed batteries don't have removable caps and their fluid level cannot be checked.
Connect a 12-V battery charger to the battery by first connecting the clip of the red or positive cable to the positive post of the battery, which will be marked with a plus sign or the word "pos." Then connect the clip of the black or negative cable to the post marked with a minus sign or the word "neg."
Plug in the charger and allow it to run overnight to fully charge the battery. If your charger has an amp meter, note the position of the meter's needle when charging begins. The battery will be fully charged when the needle drops to about half the initial rate. For instance, if the initial charging rate is 12 amps, the battery will be fully charged when the needle drops to 6 amps. Disconnect the fully charged battery from the charger, put it in a strong cardboard box, close the box and set it on a sturdy shelf or other dry location in your garage or shed.
Wear work gloves and safety goggles when handling batteries.
Double-check that you've connected the battery charger correctly before plugging it in. Connecting a charger backwards can ruin the charger and battery.
Store your battery in a spot where it's not likely to be noticed by curious children or animals.