Mixing up a batch of plaster of Paris is pretty easy. Once it's poured, it can take 20 to 30 minutes for it to set up and get hard. However, there are times when speeding up the plaster's setting or hardening time is important. For instance, if you work on a forensic team and you have to make plaster castings of footprints or tire treads at a crime scene. Naturalists who collect and study animal tracks by casting them out in the wild, may not have time to wait around for plaster to dry. One of the most crucial times when plaster is needed to set up faster than normal is when doing a life mask. Many people get claustrophobic when their face is encased in plaster. The faster they can get a plaster mold off their face, the happier they are.
Things You'll Need
- Plaster of Paris
- Measuring cup
- Measuring spoons
- Flexible bowl
Measure the plaster and water by volume, two parts plaster to one part water. For instance, measure out 2 cups of water and add 4 cups of plaster of Paris.
Pour the water into a flexible container like a plastic bowl. Put on a dust mask and sift the dry plaster of Paris into the water.
Add a teaspoon of salt to speed up the setting time.
Mix the plaster, salt and water thoroughly with a bare hand. Tap the outside of the container to bring trapped air bubbles to the surface.
Pour the liquid plaster.
Tips & Warnings
- Always mix plaster and water in a flexible container. If it dries in the bowl just flex the bowl and the plaster will break free from the sides.
- A good container in which to mix plaster is a rubber playground ball cut in half.
- Adding salt to plaster makes it more durable.
- Besides straight table salt, you can add potassium sulphate or potassium alum to speed up the setting time of plaster.
- Adding vinegar will slow the setting time of plaster.
- Do not pour leftover liquid plaster down the drain if you don't want it clogged. Instead, let it dry and dump it in the garbage.
- Photo Credit Thomas Northcut/Photodisc/Getty Images
Plaster of Paris History
Variations on plaster of Paris have been used for millenia in construction, medicine and art. It is used a finish on walls...
Why Does Plaster of Paris Get Hot?
Plaster of Paris is created when gypsum is heated to 150˚ C. At this temperature, the mineral partially dehydrates, with 75% of...
How to Install a Salt Chlorinator
A salt chlorinator may be installed into a new or existing swimming pool with very little difference in instruction. Installation tests basic...
How to Keep Patching Plaster From Drying Out too Quickly
Plaster is a handy multi-purpose patching compound for many household repairs, but it dries out quickly as it's being used. If it...
How to Harden a Plaster of Paris Cast
Plaster of paris is a gypsum plaster that has been in use since ancient times for medical, construction and artistic applications. It...
How to Repair Holes in Plaster Walls With Plaster of Paris
Many older homes have interior walls made of lath and plaster. Lath are strips of wood that are 1- to 2-inches wide...
Properties of Plaster of Paris
Plaster of Paris was first named for a gypsum deposit that was located in Paris, France. While gypsum is a hydrated salt,...
Properties of Gypsum Plaster
Gypsum forms as mineral deposits when sea water evaporates. These deposits are composed of calcium sulphate and water. Layers of gypsum deposits...