Head lice is a common contagious condition children experience all over the world. Lice infestations can affect anyone, regardless of economic status. Lice travel easily among people, falling or crawling from one strand of hair to another. Head lice do not carry or spread any serious diseases, but it is important to take care of the problem quickly before it spreads to the entire family, according to the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
Small lice eggs are called nits. They are attached with a glue-like substance to the hair follicle, approximately one half inch from the scalp and can be difficult to remove. Nit combs are small metal or plastic combs with very fine teeth designed to catch and remove these tiny egg sacs. Nit combs are considered to be the safest, non-toxic method of removing lice eggs, according to The University of Nebraska-Lincoln. The university also states these combs were used for so many years, some were even found in Egyptian tombs.
Various types of lice shampoos are available over the counter. Many of these products are designed to kill live lice. When used every three to four days, these shampoos will kill the adult lice; thus, no further eggs are laid. However, most lice shampoos contain potentially harmful insecticides, and some children may exhibit allergic reactions. To get the best results, follow all instructions on the product bottle exactly.
Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil is possibly the most popular and effective home remedy for removing lice and lice eggs, according to the Haelan Centre and International Aromatherapy and Herb Association. It is a natural antiseptic with a very strong smell. Add a few drops of tea tree oil to a cup of olive oil and massage thoroughly into your scalp. Leave the mixture in place for several hours, then shampoo and comb. Mixtures like this provide the best results when used in combination with a nit comb, advises the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.