Germany, located in northern Europe, has mild climates and a terrain with both forests and coastal areas. Over 80% of the country is covered either by crops, forests or pastures. The country’s earth-friendly habits make it possible for it to enjoy its many floras, whose species are found in abundance.
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German chamomile (M. chamomilla), also called “blue chamomile,” is a flower that looks like a small, white daisy. The flowers begin to bloom in the early summer and produce a strong, aromatic fragrance. Chamomile is often used medicinally to help relieve stomach aches or insomnia. It is also enjoyed as a tea when a 1/2-ounce of fresh flowers is added to a pint of boiling water and steeped for 15 minutes.
Cornflower (Centaurea cyanus) is also known as “bachelor's button,” “bluebottle,” “boutonniere flower” or “hurtsickle.” This bright blue flower lives in sandy, acidic soils, can grow up to 35-inches-tall, and was once considered to be a weed. The cornflower is an unofficial national German flower and is part of several historical European events. Cornflowers that live in the wild are a protected plant.
Spindle flowers (Euonymus europaeus) grow on bushes and are light fuchsia, red or purple in color. The flowers are hermaphroditic (insect pollinated) and bloom in the late spring. Spindle flowers start out small and yellow or green in color. It isn’t until the fall season that the flowers have a red or purple shade and reveal orange seeds. The fruit produced on the spindle plant is poisonous, but is often used as an ornamental plant in parks and gardens.
Edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum) is a popular alpine flower related to the sunflower family, which grows in the mountains of Germany. In German, edelweiss means “white noble"; its white color is a symbol of purity. Edelweiss typically blooms during the summer months and prefers to grow on cold, rocky terrain that’s rich in limestone. Edelweiss is easily grown from seed and is often found in gardens throughout the country. Medicinally, edelweiss was used to help treat stomach pain and respiratory diseases.