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Whether for a project on sea travel, the Titanic or icebergs specifically, crafting a 3-dimensional model of an iceberg can help students to absorb and understand the structure of the natural phenomenon. Students can work in teams to build large models, or individually to build smaller paper replicas of the icebergs. Transforming paper into paper mache will create a sturdy and easily molded medium for crafting the iceberg model.
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Mix 3/4 of a cup of glue with a 1/4 cup of water and tear newspaper into inch-wide strips, approximately 6 inches long.
Crumple and fold a piece of cardboard into a pyramid shaped, iceberg base.
Dip the newspaper strips into the paper mache mixture and layer on top of the cardboard to coat. Allow to dry completely after every four layers of newspaper you apply before adding more layers.
Create a jagged, pyramid shaped mound by applying the paper mache. The overall shape will be triangular; however, the surface of an iceberg is not smooth. Don't be afraid to create smaller, jagged mounds on the overall pyramid shape.
Tear narrow strips of white computer paper for the final coat, which can make painting the whitish-blue iceberg easier than painting over black and white newspaper. Dip the strips into the paper mache mixture and cover the iceberg shape entirely.
Allow to dry completely before painting. Mix blues and whites together and paint the entire structure with these colors.