Mango trees are tropical and subtropical plants that produce large, oval-shaped fruit with yellow pulp. In the warmest climates, mangoes are evergreen trees, but fruit development and leaf retention are diminished in areas that fall below 40 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter. As with all trees, spacing is critical when planting mangoes to accommodate their mature height. The mature height of mango trees is determined mostly by the temperature fluctuation and precipitation level in the region in which it is planted.
Things You'll Need
Choose an outdoor planting location that receives direct sunlight for the majority of the day. Because mango trees are susceptible to wind damage in winter, space them approximately 8 to 10 feet away from the south side of a fence or building, which will act as a wind break.
Draw an "X" in the soil with the spray chalk to designate the location of the first mango tree.
Place a tape measure on the ground at the center of the "X," and measure out to a distance of 16.4 feet. Repeat the measurement on all sides of the "X" so that you form a square. Mark the edges of the square with the spray chalk. This is the amount of space that a single mango tree requires in optimal growth conditions.
Walk to one side of the square and place the end of the tape measure on the line. Measure out an additional 16.4 feet and draw an "X" at the location with the chalk. This will be the planting location for the next mango tree.
Continue laying out a grid pattern, making sure that there is at least 16.4 feet of space on all sides of each mango tree.
After planting the mango trees, water the ground well with a garden hose to rinse away the chalk lines.
If you live in an area with winter temperatures that are often below freezing, or in a particularly dry area, you can decrease the planting distance to 8.2 feet of space on all sides of the tree.