Things You'll Need
Ginseng has become a popular supplement in American culture, associated with benefits like increased energy, focus and alertness. Few people consider the fact that this supplement comes from a plant–specifically from the roots of the plant. Ginseng is a small, protected plant that grows easily indoors and in controlled situations like in a hydroponic system. To grow ginseng hydroponically, make sure you can provide the conditions and time and get started.
Fill your growing pots with peat moss as a growing foundation for ginseng. Hydroponic systems don't use soil, but since ginseng grows naturally on forest floors, peat moss provides a natural environment.
Purchase ginseng roots or seedlings from a reputable retailer or nursery. If you live in an area where ginseng grows in the wild, gather your own ginseng plants. Plant them 1 to 2 inches deep in the peat moss, with the sprouting side of the roots up.
Purchase ginseng or herb-specific nutrient solution from a garden or hydroponic shop. Since hydroponic systems don't use soil, they use nutrient solution to nourish plants. Nutrient solutions are designed to address the needs of specific plants, so always look for the right solution for what you're growing.
Mix the nutrient solution with pure water, per the directions; pour this combination into the water trays of your hydroponic system, and turn the system on. The system is designed to circulate the water over the ginseng roots at a set rate–and to provide the plants with water and nutrition.
Put the hydroponic system in an area where it gets filtered sunlight. Ginseng needs light, but naturally grows on forest floors, where sunlight is only dappled.
Growing ginseng for use is a long process. After growth, ginseng roots must be dried and cured. The process can take seven to eight years.
When ginseng matures, it produces red berries in the late summer and early fall.
Ginseng is a slow-growing plant, and may take years to grow to full maturity. The roots may lie dormant for years at a time.