How to Make a Basic Floor Plan With Graph Paper

When sketching a room's layout, it is important to maintain scale, a term used to describe size ratios when translating measurements to a drawing. Graph paper, which is paper covered in a square grid, makes it easy to maintain scale; you simply assign each square a specific size, such as 1 square foot, which means each side of the square equals 1 foot. Once you've designated a scale measurement, you can lay out your room by measuring its dimensions and the size of the furniture within it.

Things You'll Need

  • Pencil

  • Tape measure

Step 1

Determine the scale you're going to use. If you're sketching the layout for a very large room, you should assign a large measurement to each square, such as 5 square feet. If the room is smaller, assign a smaller figure to each square, such as 1 square foot.

Step 2

Measure the room in question and translate it to paper. For example, if the room is 10 feet long and 12 feet wide and each square represents 1 square foot, draw a square on grid paper that is 10 squares long and 12 squares wide.

Step 3

Measure the furniture you're going to place in the room, then draw it to scale on the grid. In our example, if you want to place a desk in the room that is 4 feet long and 2 feet wide, draw a square on the grid that is four squares long and two squares wide. Repeat with the rest of the furniture.

References & Resources