Things You'll Need
Round loom, of an appropriate diameter for a hat
Bulky yarn or several strands of worsted weight yarn to be held together
Using a knitting loom allows you to make the same type of garments that standard needle knitting does -- sweaters, hats, scarves, even gloves. One item you can make on your knitting loom is a headband to hold back your hair and warm your ears in winter. One of the most basic headband patterns is a loop of knitted fabric -- like a hat without a crown. Knitting one of these on a knitting loom can serve as a beginner project.
Cast on the entire loom using your preferred cast on. One choice is the chain cast on. Make a slip knot and slide the loop over the first peg to the left of your anchor peg -- the single peg set into the side of your loom. Wrap the working yarn -- the yarn leading to the skein -- around the outside of your loom. Pull the strand between your slip-knot peg and the peg to its immediate left to the center of the loom with your crochet hook, making a loop, which you will pull around the inside of the next peg to the left. Grab the strand from the outside of the loom between the second and third pegs with your hook and pull it through the loop on the inside of the loom. Repeat around the circle to cast on all stitches.
E-wrap your entire loom, returning to the anchor peg. To e-wrap, wrap your yarn around each peg from back to front and around back again, forming the cursive letter "e", with the bottom of the letter falling to the inside of the loom.
Count the number of pegs on your loom. The headband needs to be knit in a rib stitch to prevent curling, so you will need to know how many pegs you have to decide how to divide your stitches. You can use an even number to make a two-by-two ribbing -- two knit stitches followed by two purl -- and divide an odd number of stitches in any way you choose. If your number is divisible by five, for example, you can do a three-by-two rib, or a four-by-one. Any pairing of numbers is appropriate, just be sure to keep them equal for each rib. Our example will be a two-by-two rib.
Knit the first two stitches from your loom by picking up the bottom loop on the first peg and passing it up and over the top loop and the top of the peg. Drop it to the inside of the loom. Repeat on the second peg.
Purl the next stitch. Slip your tool under the top loop at the outside of the loom peg, grab the bottom loop and pull it up through the top loop. Use your fingers or a crochet hook to pull what used to be the top loop over the top of the peg and replace what was the bottom loop on the peg. Repeat for the next stitch. Repeat Steps 4 and 5 until your headband is at least 1 inch wide or as wide as you want it to be.
Stop wrapping your pegs and drop the working yarn at the end of the last row. Pull the loop on the first peg -- the next peg you need to knit -- off and slide it onto the second peg. Pull the bottom loop on the second peg up and over the top loop and the top of the peg, and then move the loop remaining onto the third peg. Continue all the way around your loom until you get to the last loop, then cut your yarn 6 inches beyond your loom. Pull the last loop off the loom, pass the 6-inch tail of yarn through it and pull to tighten. Thread the tail through an embroidery needle and wind the tail through the stitches of your headband to hide it.
Wear your headband by sliding it over your head and then pulling the front up over your forehead and resting it on top of your head.