The total yardage needed for a queen size quilt varies with the pattern and fabric used. A standard queen size quilt that is 88 inches wide and 96 inches long takes about 8 yards of fabric for the front of the quilt and another 8 yards of fabric for the back of the quilt, depending on the pattern and fabric you choose.
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Quilt Front Yardage Requirements
The exact yardage needed to make a queen size quilt varies. If you use fat quarter pieces of 18 inch by 22 inch fabric, you will need at least 16 fat quarters for the center of the quilt, and an additional 3 1/2 yards for the border. If you are making a traditional three fabric quilt, you will need 2 1/2 yards each of a light, medium and dark fabric for the front of the quilt. For most quilt patterns, you also need an additional yard of fabric for the binding.
Quilt Back Yardage Requirements
The yardage required for the back of a quilt also varies with your pattern, but generally speaking you need 8 yards for the back of the quilt. This measurement assumes that you cut your fabric into three pieces of 8 yards each, and sew them together along the long horizontal edge.
Fabric costs vary widely and can reach up to $15.00 per yard for some brands. Fabric.com offers a great selection of clearance quilting fabrics starting at $1.95 per yard as of October 2010.