Hyperthyroidism is a condition that occurs when the thyroid gland is overactive. When too much thyroid hormone is produced by the thyroid gland, it is toxic, therefore, this condition is also known as thyrotoxicosis. Hyperthyroidism is best treated with anti-thyroid drug.
Thyroid hormones control the rate at which the cells burn fat and metabolize. Excessive thyroid hormones can cause weight loss. Other symptoms include increased heart rate, hyperactivity and frequent bowel movements, which can cause further weight loss.
Hyperthyroidism and Diet
Your diet doesn’t have much of an effect on hyperthyroidism. However, it can help with the common symptom of weight loss that people with hyperthyroidism experience. Try increasing the amount of calories you consume daily until you reach a healthy weight. This can include a lot of lean meats, carbohydrates, and healthy fats such as nuts, cheese, and dark chocolate.
A part of your diet that can lead to hyperthyroidism is excessive iodine intake. This is usually only an issue in people who are prone to thyroid gland imbalance. Large quantities of table salt or shellfish contain excessive iodine. The heart disease medication, Cordarone, also contains a lot of iodine.
If you have hyperthyroidism avoid including table salt, seafood, eggs, dairy, and iodine-rich plants in your diet.
Causes of Hyperthyroidism
Excessive iodine intake is only one possible cause of hyperthyroidism. Grave’s disease is an autoimmune disorder that causes the immune system to make antibodies. The antibodies attach themselves to the thyroid gland, causing it to release excess thyroid hormones. Other causes, such as inflammation of the thyroid gland or a nodule of it are possible, but not as common as Grave’s disease.