Large pores are caused by a combination of factors, including genes, age and sebaceous gland activity. While there is no permanent cure for large pores, there are treatments that can temporarily reduce the appearance of pore size so that the skin looks clear and smooth.
Microdermabrasion is a process where pressurized fine crystals are applied on the face, removing the top layer of skin and stimulating collagen protection. By removing old skin and encouraging collagen production, microdermabrasion helps reduce the appearance of large pores. Microdermabrasion is non-invasive and relatively painless, with almost no downtime other than some slight reddening of the skin.
Medical-grade chemical peels are another way of reducing the appearance of large pores. Performed in a doctor’s office, a potent acid, usually salicylic or glycolic acid is applied on the skin, burning off the outermost layers. The skin is forced to rejuvenate and the newer layers of skin generally have pores that are smaller than older layers. Chemical peels can vary in intensity and recovery time. Generally, the deeper the chemical peel, the longer the time needed to recover. Skin may be bright red and peel for several weeks. In addition, chemical peels can be painful, depending on the concentration of acid applied to the skin. Usually, a series of chemical peels is necessary for best results.
Lasers can also be utilized to reduce the size of large pores. The Fraxel laser, in particular, is used to intentionally inflict slight injuries to the skin, causing pores to shrink as the epidermis heals. The process is not painful but may cause slight discomfort. As with microdermabrasion and chemical peels, a series of treatments is needed before there is any noticeable result to pore size. In addition, laser treatment can be very expensive, varying from $300 to $500 per session. After the first series of treatments, touch-ups will be necessary to preserve the smaller size of the pores.