Rashes can appear anywhere on the skin. The face is a fairly common place to get a rash, and there are several different reasons why you could break out into a rash. There are simple skin rashes and there are more complex rashes. Depending on the type of rash you have, the treatment may vary.
Simple rashes on the face, which are known as dermatitis, or contact dermatitis, typically improve simply by using gentle skin care. Dermatitis means an inflammation of the skin, and for these types of rashes, they will generally improve by using simple and gentle skin care. To treat simple rashes, use only gentle cleansers on the skin with no harsh soaps or abrasives. You should gently cleanse the skin rather than scrubbing it. To avoid irritation, use cool to warm water rather than hot, then gently pat dry. After washing your face leave the skin exposed to the air, to air dry.
If you have recently bought any new cosmetics that might be causing the problem or could irritate the problem, you should stop using them. It is also always best not to begin using any new skin care products, including makeup, when you are trying to get rid of a rash. There are over-the-counter products such as calamine lotion that can be a benefit to most simple rashes, and hydrocortisone creams. Hydrocortisone reduces inflammation of the skin and helps with the itch and irritation.
Rosacea and acne are both popular rashes and skin problems for the face. Acne, though not always considered a rash, can be viewed as one. It can make the skin irritated and red, and can cause a rashlike look to the skin. Acne rashes should always be kept clean and dry, especially at bedtime it is important to wash the day's oil out of the pores. Do not over scrub the facial skin and irritate the acne worse, but use mild soap and pat dry. There are anti-acne medications you can put on the spots, such as Clearasil, which can help dry up the pustules and help alleviate redness and irritation. You should not use oily products on your face that can increase oil in the pores.
Rosacea, another common rash that can be found on the face, is commonly treated with anitbiotic ointments that are put directly on the face. Rosacea can also be treated with laser surgery. This will not do much harm or damage to the skin and helps relieve thin red lines associated with the rash.
A complex rash would include rashes like eczema, seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis and shingles. Treatments for these rashes could be more in-depth and require more care, and care by a physician as well. Psoriasis is a more complex skin rash that will probably need a prescription medication from your doctor, such as topical corticosteroids to reduce inflammation. Ultraviolet lights are another way of treating psoriasis on the face. This is done in a doctor's office using UVB rays. Doctors sometimes also recommend being exposed to sunlight for its natural UVB rays. Seborrheic dermatitis, which is a rash that can appear in patches on the skin, can affect areas such as the eyebrows, eyelids, the mouth, nose and even behind the ears. Seborrheic dermatitis is typically treated with steroid creams.
Eczema can be treated on the face by using gentle facial soap and treating the skin afterward with borage oil, primrose oil or fish oil. You should shower rather than bathe, using warm water rather than hot because hot water usually makes any type of rash worse. Treating shingles on the face requires you to keep the skin clean using regular soaps, but do not use abrasive soaps and cleaners. Pat the skin dry when you are finished and apply an aluminum acetate cream when you are finished.