How to Drive a Car with Manual Transmission
Learning to drive a stick shift isn't easy for most people, but with time and practice it becomes second nature. You never know when the skills to drive a car with manual transmission may be required, renting a car on a European vacation could be one. Getting a job as a valet attendant is another.
These pointers will get you started in the right direction.
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- Car with manual transmission
Look at the floorboard; you'll see 3 pedals. From left to right, they are: clutch, brake, gas.
Study the simple diagram on the top of the gearshift, which will show you where the gears are. In most new cars, this will look like a three-legged H. First, third and fifth gears are at the tops of the legs; second, fourth and reverse gears are at the bottoms. The crossbar of the H is neutral.
Make sure the parking brake is engaged and the car is on a flat surface in an area where you have plenty of room.
Press down on the clutch pedal and then move the gearshift into the neutral position.
Keeping the clutch pedal down, put the car into first gear by moving the gearshift to the top-left position.
Apply the foot brake and release the parking brake.
Release the foot brake when you're ready to start moving.
Begin to release the clutch pedal slowly; when you hear or feel the engine begin to slow down, slowly press down on the gas pedal as you continue to release the clutch. The car will start to move forward.
Accelerate until the car has reached about 3,000 rpm, then take your foot off the gas, press down on the clutch pedal, and pull the gearshift directly down through neutral to second gear. Be sure to pull the gearshift down until it can't go any farther.
Release the clutch pedal gently, simultaneously pressing down gently on the gas pedal.
Repeat the shifting process each time you hit 3,000 rpm until you're driving at the appropriate speed. (Third gear is up and to the right; fourth gear is all the way down from there; fifth gear is up to neutral, right and then up again.)
Downshift by releasing the gas pedal when you want to decrease your speed. Press down on the clutch and move the gearshift through neutral into the next-lower gear (move down only 1 gear at a time). Once you're in the lower gear, release the clutch slowly and brake as you do so.
Stop the car by downshifting to second gear and applying the brakes. Apply the clutch just before the car stops. Don't downshift into first.
Drive in reverse by following the same steps you would for starting in first gear. The reverse gear engages more quickly than first gear, however, so be sure to release the clutch slowly and begin to press the gas pedal as soon as the car begins to move.
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