Types of Coconut Trees

  • Print this article
Types of Coconut Trees thumbnail
Numerous cultures depend on the versatile fruit of the coconut palm tree.

The coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) is one of the most widely distributed edible-bearing palms in the world. Found throughout tropical areas in the Caribbean, Pacific and Indian Ocean regions, the coconut palm is both a desirable ornamental as well as an essential commercial and sustenance crop. Nearly every part of the palm is used -- from the the wood to the fibrous drupe-fruit (the iconic coconut). There are only two known types of coconut palm: tall coconut palms and dwarf coconut palms.

  1. Tall Coconut Palms

    • Both the wild and domesticated tall coconut palms provide high numbers of large nuts and drupes, although the shape and size varies depending on the locality in which they are found. Most varieties of tall coconut palms grow, on average, to a height of 50 to 60 feet and a spread of 15 to 25 feet. The trunks are smooth and curved, with the pinnate, feather fronds at the crown. Fronds range in color from green to yellow and do not change colors with seasonal change. Tall palms should be planted in a well-drained, sandy area with full sun and maximum humidity for optimum growth. Mature palms can produce 50 to 80 fruits annually. Examples of tall coconut palms include Tagnanan from the Philippines and Rennel from Papua New Guinea.

    Dwarf Coconut Palms

    • Although similar in appearance, dwarf coconut palms are shorter than tall palms and produce fewer and smaller nuts and drupes. They are more popular in home and commercial cultivation because they require a considerably shorter maturation time than tall trees. According to the Species Profiles for Pacific Island Agroforestry, the dwarfs will bear fruit in three years, while the talls take five years. Like the talls, dwarf palms require adequate drainage, full sun and humidity; dwarf palms are less tolerant of changing conditions than talls. Dwarf palms include the Green Malayan and New Guinea Brown.

    Queen Palm

    • The queen palm, found natively in South America, is a different species (Syagrus romanzoffiana) than the coconut palm, although they look very similar to the dwarf coconut palm. Queen palms produce edible fruits more popular with birds than humans. The queen palm is usually cultivated as an ornamental tree and attracts breeding snails and caterpillars.

    High Plateau Coconut Palm

    • A recently discovered palm, the high plateau coconut palm (Beccariophoenix alfredii) is closely related to -- and often confused with -- the coconut palm. However, the high plateau coconut palm is more cold and drought tolerant than both types of coconut palms. This has increased interest in the palm as an ornamental plant for gardeners in climates ordinarily too cool for coconut palms.

Related Searches


  • Photo Credit Medioimages/Photodisc/Photodisc/Getty Images


You May Also Like

  • The Types of Coconut Palm Tree

    Coconut palm trees grow throughout the tropics and are highly valued for the delicious and highly useful coconuts they produce. Coconut trees...

  • Types of Coconut Palm

    The coconut palm gives a tropical feel to any landscape. It is the most extensively grown palm in the world. Coconuts are...

  • Varieties of Coconuts

    All coconut tree types are still the same species, despite their differences. Does this Spark an idea? Other People Are Reading. The...

  • Coconut Tree Varieties

    The tall coconut palm is the more common of the two types of coconut trees when it comes to the commercial use...

  • The Difference Between Palm Trees & Coconut Trees

    The coconut tree (cocos nucifera) is one type of palm tree, probably one of the most well known. Does this Spark an...

  • Types of Dwarf Coconuts

    There are two recognized types of coconuts, tall and dwarf, depending on the height of the coconut palm. Dwarf coconuts, which can...

  • Tropical Hawaiian Palm Trees

    Coconut palms produce a nut that is a popular food product as well as the source of oil. Even the shell of...

  • Different Types of Palm Trees in Florida

    Some of the different types of palm trees in Florida include Christmas, coconut, ... Photo Credit Coconut tree image by itsallgood from...

  • Types of Coconut Oil

    Coconut oil is an extract from the kernel of a coconut. Deriving from the Philippines, the oil is becoming more and more...

  • Different Varieties of Dwarf Coconuts

    Different Varieties of Dwarf Coconuts. ... The Types of Coconut Palm Tree; How to Plant Dwarf Coconut Trees; Comments You May Also...

  • Types of Tropical Palms

    The Types of Coconut Palm Tree. The Types of Coconut Palm Tree. Coconut palm trees grow throughout the tropics and are highly...

  • List of Types of Fruit Trees

    The coconut is a fruit tree grown throughout the tropical world. ... Different Kinds of Fruit Trees. Different kinds of fruit trees...

  • Information on Coconut Trees

    Coconut trees (Cocos nucifera), a member of the Arecaceae family, are available in both tall and dwarf varieties. Both female and male...

  • Tips on Baking Coconut Scones

    Consider that there are several types of coconut commercially available for baking, including dessicated (dried) coconut and sweetened, shredded coconut.

  • What Is the Difference Between Shredded & Flaked Coconut?

    Coconut adds a mild flavor to cookies, cakes and pies. Dried coconut comes in a variety of types: desiccated, shredded, grated and...

  • What Is a Dwarf Coconut Palm?

    A dwarf coconut palm is a tiny palm tree that is, despite its height, capable of producing full-sized coconuts. ... but only...

  • Should I Plant a Peach Tree or an Orange Tree?

    ... but your soil isn't well-drained or has high levels of clay in it, ... plateau and mountainous areas ... How Far...

  • Coconut Crafts for Kids

    To teach kids about coconuts or to simply entertain them with a novel activity, ... Help the kids identify the different types...

Related Ads

View Mobile Site