Wedgwood Patterns of the 1880s

Save

English potter Josiah Wedgwood (1730-1795) developed durable tableware that graced the tables of Queen Charlotte of Britain and Empress Catherine II of Russia. Transferware, a process started in the 18th century and later refined by potter Josiah Spode and used by the Wedgwood company, involved transferring images or patterns from an engraved copper plate to specially sized paper to the pottery surface. This economical tableware appealed to the emerging middle class. Wedgwood patterns of the 1880s indicated an interest in flora and fauna that appealed to romantic and eccentric tastes.

Asiatic Pheasants

  • The Asiatic Pheasants pattern, a blue and white dinner pattern of the 1880s, was among the top two popular and enduring patterns of Queen Victoria's reign (1837-1901). This romantic transfer print pattern on earthenware originated in the early 1800s when the Chinese-style of patterns in Western art, Chinoiserie, was popular. Perhaps a floral design of the Far East inspired this pattern. This subdued, pale blue pattern featured pheasants, butterflies and moths against a white background. This romantic design gave a sense of cleanness and light airiness. Still produced in Staffordshire, the Asiatic Pheasants adorn dinner plates, vegetable dishes and meat platters.

Beatrice

  • The Beatrice pattern was a dark brown transfer pattern first produced in 1880. Brown plate borders feature motifs of cherry blossoms with five distinct petals on branches. Ribbons or strips showing patterns of geometric shapes seem to hover around the center of the plate. This pattern appears on transferware platters or tureens.

Columbia Edge

  • The enameled Columbia Edge pattern featured a motif of mythical beasts that faced each other with a trophy between them. According to the Wedgwood Museum, the plate edge included a dark green border with a scalloped edge line. Around the rim, the beasts motif alternated with a floral motif with reddish-purple flowers and greenery. At the center of the dinner plate, the beasts and floral motifs also appeared encircled against a white background.

    Green and Gold Columbia, a variation of the Columbia Edge, included a pale sage green band around the rim. The scalloped edge line, the mythical beasts, trophy and floral motifs were all in gold.

    The Powder Ruby Columbia pattern, like the Columbia Edge, included a border of beasts, stylized leaves and a pointed scalloped edge line. The motifs in gold contrasted with the ruby red color in the border background and center. The Powder Blue Columbia pattern included similar gold motifs of the Power Ruby pattern, but featured a blue border and center.

Prunus and Oriental Fan

  • Gold and bronze highlight the Prunus and Oriental Fan pattern that indicates the revival of Japanese-inspired design in Western art, Japonaiserie. Sections of a tree branch with a series of gold fan motifs decorate bone china.

Lobster Salad Bowl

  • Wedgwood's novelty tableware of the 1880s played up Victorian interest in quirky items. One such item was an 1880 salad bowl supported on the back of a red lobster that was perched on a gold-rimmed base embellished with floral motifs. The bowl's tactile surface featured ridges and slightly wavy indentations resembling a large seashell.

Related Searches

References

Promoted By Zergnet

Comments

Resources

You May Also Like

  • Tuscan China Plant

    The Tuscan China Plant was a manufacturing plant in Staffordshire County in west-central England that operated from 1898 to 1970. Because of...

  • How to Find Wedgwood Dishware Pattern

    Wedgwood is a British pottery firm that was founded in the mid-18th century by Josiah Wedgwood. Wedgwood has produced hundreds of patterns...

Related Searches

Check It Out

How to Throw a Halloween Dinner Party

M
Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!