There are several pizza styles and variations within those styles. Most styles of pizza are named after the location where they were created, such as Chicago, Greek and New York style pizza, or how they are cooked, such as grilled and brick oven pizza. The type of sauce, crust and toppings are also key to different styles of pizza.
Chicago style pizza, also known as deep dish pizza was invented in Chicago in 1943. This deep dish pizza will have a thick crust, at least 1 inch deep, if not more. To be a true Chicago style pizza, not just deep dish, the crust should be buttery, have lots of tomato sauce and plenty of cheese. When making Chicago style pizza, use other toppings sparingly to emphasize the taste of the cheese, sauce and crust.
New York Style
New York style pizza is famous for wide, thin slices. Tomato sauce is used lightly on this type of pizza and it is cooked in a coal-burning oven. The coal burning oven allows the pizza to cook slower so a larger pizza can be made. Mozzarella and sliced tomatoes are standard toppings for a New York style pizza.
Sicilian pizza was first created in Palermo, Sicily. A traditional Sicilian pizza has a very thick crust and is topped with anchovies and pecorino cheese. Sicilian pizzas in the United States are square-shaped.
White pizza is a simple style of pizza. It does not use tomato sauce, instead adding pesto or sour cream as a light sauce option. Most white pizzas have only cheese as a topping, but basil is used occasionally. White pizzas are often drizzled with garlic and olive oil to enhance the flavor.
A Greek pizza primarily uses herbs, cheeses and vegetables to create a light pizza. A Greek pizza can be a good choice for people on a diet, since the emphasis is on vegetables rather than fatty cheeses and crust. Vegetables, such as mushrooms, tomatoes, olives, onion and bell peppers, are often used on a Greek pizza with a basil and olive oil sauce.
Grilled pizza is made the way it sounds, on a grill. Traditionally, the pizza dough is baked first, then the toppings are added and the pizza is placed on the grill to let it finish cooking. A grilled pizza has a smoky taste and works well with summer vegetables. Olive oil and herbs are a popular sauce choice for grilled pizza.
Brick Oven or Neapolitan
Brick oven pizza is pizza baked in a wood-fired brick oven. Brick oven pizza is also referred to as Neapolitan style pizza. These are smaller pizzas with a very thin crust. Usually, Neapolitan pizza has very few toppings because the pizza is baked in just a few minutes.
- "Pizza: Grill It, Bake It, Love It"; Bruce Weinstein & Mark Scarbrough; 2008
- "The Great Chicago-Style Pizza Cookbook"; Pasquale Bruno; 1983
- "Everybody Loves Pizza: The Deep Dish on America's Favorite Food"; Penny Pollack & Jeff Ruby; 2005
- "Pizza Napoletana!"; Pamela Sheldon Johns; 2004
- "Sicilian Feasts"; Giovanna Bellia La Marca; 2003
- Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images
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