What Happens to Water When We Drink It?

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Our bodies are 72 percent water, 8 percent chemical compounds and 20 percent bone and tissue. 83 percent of our blood is made of water and our brain is 75 percent water, as explained by Chemcraft. These statistics give us some idea of how water is used and distributed around the body but water has many vital roles to play in the various functions that go on inside the body.

Chemical Balance

  • One of the most important functions of water in the body is to maintain a healthy balance between different chemicals, such as sodium. When we eat, we are ingesting a variety of chemical compounds which are either absorbed by our digestive system and used in the body or excreted in our urine and feces. Water, also absorbed by our gut, helps dissolve vitamins, minerals and small molecules such as sugars so that we can make use of them more easily. Sodium from salt is harmful when eaten in large quantities, but water solubilizes it and makes it easier for our bodies to excrete excess amounts. Our kidneys regulate the amount of water and salt in the body and also other minerals like potassium, chloride, calcium and magnesium, as described by the American Heart Foundation.

Toxin Elimination and Cellular Nutrition

  • A significant amount of the water we drink each day helps us remove toxins and waste substances from our bodies via urine. Water flowing through the gut flushes unwanted particles away by mechanical means and the kidneys, which use water to filter out unwanted molecules from our blood, work by allowing those toxins to dissolve in the water. Both water-based systems result in urine being excreted from the body efficiently and safely. In comparison, water in the blood enables vitamins and minerals to be dissolved and carried around the blood vessels so that they can flow close enough to our cells to be absorbed through the cell wall. Water passes the heart, liver, kidneys, brain, muscles and nerves continually to ensure they receive enough energy and nutrients.

Physical Movement

  • Water is essential for maintaining supple joints, muscle tone and skeletal lubrication, without which we would not be able to move effectively. Chronic low-level dehydration apparently exists in the majority of the population, according to Joint Muscle Relief. Among other complications, low-level dehydration can cause painful joints, inflammation and a weakened immune system. A person's flexibility can be reduced so that they feel less able to be active, less inclined to exercise, potentially more prone to gaining weight and prone to suffering damage to tendons and ligaments. Drinking more water reduces the effects of dehydration, can improve weight loss and physical movement and generally enhances a person's feeling of well-being.

Skin Health

  • Acne is the main condition that can be directly reduced by drinking more water, because it is caused by toxins secreted through our pores, according to Healthy Skincare. That water can improve the moisture content of skin, reduce wrinkles and make skin look younger is considered a myth designed to sell more bottled water. In fact, because water flows quickly through the body, very little of it actually reaches the external skin barrier, including the skin on our faces. Most beneficial effects of drinking water are happening inside our bodies and around and within our organs.

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