What Is Household Mold?

Save

Mold can plague any house, but if you understand its causes, properties and cures, you can take control of the problem before it takes control of your home. Even if you do not currently have mold in your home, you can benefit from educating yourself. If you know how and why mold grows, you can prevent it from germinating altogether.

Definition

  • Mold is a fungus, just like yeast, rust and mushrooms. There are more than 100,000 species of mold in nature. Some of the more common varieties of house mold are Aspergillus, Penicillium and Stachybotrys (black mold). House mold appears on wet surfaces, usually in a patchy arrangement with a velvetlike consistency. Some molds look more like slime. It can take on numerous colors, including white, black, dark green, gray and yellow.

Causes

  • Mold spores exist everywhere. Like all fungal spores, they just need moisture to grow. For example, mold can grow on damp clothing, flooded carpets or moist shower tiles. Even if you have no water damage or standing water in your home, mold can still grow if you have high humidity. Humidity corresponds to the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere. Excess vapor can stick to walls carpets, ceiling, furniture and fixtures.

Germination

  • If, for example, you have a wet carpet that has flooded after a rainstorm, mold may begin to grow on the carpet if you fail to dry the fibers quickly. Mold spores live inside the dust and dirt, so when dust particles rest on the wet carpet, the spores can begin to germinate. During this process, they begin to multiply and release gases (known as volatile organic compounds) into the atmosphere.

Health Risks

  • If you do find mold in your home, you can spray it with detergent, vinegar or bleach (diluted with at least two parts water). If you ignore it, you may begin to experience symptoms that include infections, swelling, rashes, headaches or difficulty breathing. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency even warns of an elevated cancer risk with toxic mold exposure. Only a trained mold expert can determine whether a specific mold variety has toxic properties, so rid your home of any mold immediately to minimize your exposure.

References

Promoted By Zergnet

Comments

You May Also Like

  • What Causes Mold in a House?

    Mold is a toxic, smelly fungus that can lower the value of a house and sicken those exposed to it. Mold can...

  • Household Mold & Mushroom

    Mold, also known as mildew, is a living fungus and a part of a common group of micro-organisms that often serve a...

  • Black Mold Vs. Household Mold

    Mold of any kind is not pleasant, but there is toxic mold called black mold that is very different from common household...

  • How to Prevent House Mold

    Mold spores are everywhere; no one knows how many different species exist -- there could be more than 300,000, according to the...

  • How to Check For Mold in House

    Checking for mold in your house is part of smart household maintenance. Mold grows in damp, dark areas and can cause serious...

  • How to Kill Household Mold

    Once you have identified that you have a mold problem, it is pretty easy for you get rid of the smell and...

  • How to Stop Mold Growth in Wet Basements

    I have tackled mold issues in wet basements and tried a lot of different ways to solve the problem. I have come...

  • The Differences Between Mold & Wet Rot

    Mold and wet rot have many similarities. They both consist of fungal spores linked together by hyphae (stems), they both require moisture,...

  • What Is White Mold in the House?

    Mold, a type of fungus that grows inside your home, thrives in excess moisture and little ventilation. Mold ranges in color from...

  • Causes of Mold & Mildew

    Mold and mildew are fungi that can grow both on and inside of surfaces. Mold is found almost everywhere. In fact, the...

Related Searches

Check It Out

22 DIY Ways to Update Your Home on a Small Budget

M
Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!