What Degree Is Needed to Open a Bakery?


Taking the plunge and following your heart to open a bakery is not an easy decision. If you are stepping out from under the umbrella of an employer who provides steady paychecks and benefits, you may be thinking of the qualities you need to help your business succeed. While you can open a bakery with no formal education, several available degrees will help you run your business and keep your finances in the black.

Culinary Degrees

Various areas of study in hospitality arts can help you succeed in having a bakery. These include degrees in baking and pastry arts, culinary arts and culinary management. Associate and bachelor's degree programs require two to four years of study, respectively. These degree programs provide extensive knowledge in the preparation and presentation of baked goods, pastries and other foods, as well as business management.

Hospitality Degrees

A degree in hospitality or restaurant management is typically a business management degree with an emphasis in working with the public in a service-oriented industry. While these degrees generally do not have required course in food preparation, some culinary schools offer these degrees with classes in the fundamentals of food preparation. A degree program in restaurant management focuses more on the business aspect of managing a restaurant and not as much on the preparation of the food.

Business Degrees

A degree in business management or small business management will prepare you for operating a business. Course work includes marketing, accounting, law and computers, and some schools offer an internship program to give students real-world business experience. Many online degree programs offer associate and bachelor's degrees online, which would enable you to attend classes while growing your business. If you are considering opening a bakery and already have the kitchen skills you need, you may find that receiving a business degree will help you adjust to market trends in a way to make your business profitable.


Before you open your bakery, make sure you have all of the necessary permits required by your local and state governments. Apply for your Employer Identification Number and complete any paperwork your state requires to collect and pay sales tax. Typically, your local government wants you to get a food service permit even when you are operating your bakery from your home. Your local tax office and chamber of commerce can provide you with details on the permits you need.

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