Various Methods Adopted by McDonald's to Increase Sales

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McDonald's has grown from a small California hamburger stand to become one of the most globalized franchises.
McDonald's has grown from a small California hamburger stand to become one of the most globalized franchises. (Image: Scott Olson/Getty Images News/Getty Images)

McDonald's, the most recognized business worldwide, has grown from tiny local hamburger stand to global marketing mega-franchise in the span of 70 years. Starting with a business strategy of a limited number of menu options, McDonald's has incorporated various business methods to serve distinct cultural versions of the legendary hamburger to over 60 million customers daily in over 119 different countries worldwide.

Local Favorite

It may be hard to believe, but McDonald’s started as one restaurant owned by Dick and Mac McDonald in the 1950s in San Bernadino, California. The thriving efficient fast food service caught the attention of milkshake salesman Ray Kroc, who joined in as a business partner in order to open more franchises. Kroc opened the franchise in Illinois before he bought out the brothers in the hope of expanding the business.

The original McDonald's was in San Bernadino, California.
The original McDonald's was in San Bernadino, California. (Image: David McNew/Getty Images News/Getty Images)

Mass Production

An important method Kroc implemented in order to increase sales and growth was the industrial production of hamburgers, French fries and milk shakes. Kroc used a production line approach to make sure the food would be produced quickly and uniformly by both new and seasoned employees. Kroc also began to standardize the food's taste throughout all the franchises by using the same frozen beef patties and genetically-modified potatoes.

The original McDonald's menu
The original McDonald's menu (Image: Tim Boyle/Getty Images News/Getty Images)

Selling Ronald McDonald

With the money made on production efficiency and franchising, Kroc also expanded advertising with a show-business-like cast of characters. In 1967, Ronald McDonald, the clown, became the new image for the restaurant, and ten years later Kroc unveiled the first happy meal for kids that included a small hamburger, french fries, drink and special toy.

The McDonald's happy meal
The McDonald's happy meal (Image: David Paul Morris/Getty Images News/Getty Images)

International Expansion

One of the most recent methods contributing to McDonald’s growth is the expansion in foreign markets. McDonald's aimed to sell the familiarity of their products so customers could enjoy the same McDonald's taste anywhere in the world. However, the franchise also had to adapt its menu to cater to the different tastes in varying countries. McDonald’s even changed its name in Japan to “Makudonaldo” to accommodate Japanese pronunciation.

McDonald's in Japan gives out free burgers to counter the bad press from mad cow's disease.
McDonald's in Japan gives out free burgers to counter the bad press from mad cow's disease. (Image: Junko Kimura/Getty Images News/Getty Images)

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