Although light and easier to work with, metal studs are not as strong and durable as wood. They also require specialized fixation materials and installation consideration. There are certain applications where metal studs are used, one of which is light decorative elements, such as domes, vaults or ornate screening. Metal studs are easy to maneuver and transport, and provide a termite- or insect-proof material for areas prone to infestation. They are also non-flamable and impermeable to moisture, and since metal is not porous like wood, mold and fungal growth is not as severe a problem. Metal products resist warping and rotting in most uses, and do not have the variability of naturally produced beams. The studs come in several styles designed for different installation and engineering needs.
Metal studs with a "C" shape are designed to be inserted in a track system. These studs are lightweight and come in a variety of sizes and gauges. The gauges rate metal thickness, and run from 16 to 25 on a scale devised for metal studs. The widths come in standard sizes that range from 1 5/8 inches to 6 inches.
Factory Wall and Floor Studs
Cold-formed wall and floor trusses are manufactured in strengths according to pre-engineered weight-bearing needs. These floor joists and trusses are selected at the manufacturer for the intended use, load properties — such as snow fall and intended floor bearing weight — and building specifications. The uncoated steel comes in a variety of gauges from 12 to 20. These factor- purchased steel studs come with safety and engineering recommendations, plus spacing, installation and fastening instructions.
Metal studs come in intricate shapes for unique applications such as curved walls, round buildings, gothic style framing, vaults and domes. Studs come bent or curved with accompanying track installation systems. Some studs are intended for viewing and are finished pieces to be installed as railings and decorative panels.
Galvanized Steel Studs
Galvanized studs are coated with zinc for weather and corrosion protection. These studs are durable and suited for applications where moisture, salt or other elements would effect the studs. These beams have a good strength ratio and are suited for bearing loads.
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