Security Checklist for a Building

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A security camera mounted on the corner of a building.
A security camera mounted on the corner of a building. (Image: pablographix/iStock/Getty Images)

Security systems are a vital part of any business, protecting your assets from theft and damage. If you don't have an adequate system in place, it's a good idea to use a checklist to identify areas that need protection. If you have an existing system, running through a checklist regularly ensures that you are covering all bases; it may also give you indications of how you can improve security provision.

Physical Security

The first item on most security checklists usually addresses the physical security of a building. This includes items that involve the interior security of a building or complex. Physical security checks should look at doors and windows to ensure that these items have functional locks. Fire safety, another item of physical security, ensures that all fire extinguishers are inspected, charged or refilled and working. Many buildings have keyless entry systems that require badges. This system should be updated at all times and changed if an employee retires, leaves or is fired. A critical checklist item under physical security is to make sure that emergency exits are not blocked and that all fire detection systems are working.

Computer Security

Computer and information systems security has become a component of security systems management. Data management personnel must perform security checks concerning hardware and software resources. The computer operations center typically has an access area that is restricted to noncomputer personnel. Access control items such as access to software programs, workstations and equipment are items that can be found on the checklist. In a business environment, the information security officer usually provides a report to the security officer concerning any activity that involves hardware or software security.

Security Monitoring

Security monitoring involves using monitoring equipment such as video cameras to perform surveillance of a building or area within a building. There are several security monitoring items that should be checked daily, inclduing video cameras recording the movement of individuals. Surveillance data should be archived and kept according to the standards set forth by the security officer. Other checklist items address surveillance video kept off-site and the manual recording of visitor information in a security log.

External Security

External security checklist items address physical security outside of a building. This includes items pertaining to the protection of real estate, property and equipment. For example, a checklist item may require hourly surveillance of an outside storage area or parking lot. Other items include security of checkpoints, zone area security and mobile security and patrol.

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