One of the easiest -- and cheapest -- materials to create three-dimensional models with is papier-mache, and it is especially suitable for younger children to work with. Creating a three-dimensional horse head is quite a challenging project. However, once you understand the basic technique, and with a little patience and practice, you will soon be able to create fantastic models of all shapes and sizes.
Things You'll Need
- Pencil and paper
- Sticky tape
- Masking tape
- White glue
- Wool/horse hair
Draw two horse head pictures, one side view (A) and one head-on (B). These drawings do not have to be detailed pictures; you just want the basic shape at this point. If drawing is really not your strong point, collect posters of horses and cut the heads out.
Copy the two drawings onto two pieces of cardboard and cut them out. Draw a line down the center of shape B. Use sticky tape to attach the front edge of shape A to the line in the center of shape B, leaving you with a T-shape structure.
Scrunch pieces of newspaper into balls. Paint an area of the cardboard with white glue and attach a layer of newspaper balls. Continue until both pieces of cardboard are covered on both sides in a layer of newspaper balls. Apply a coat of white glue to the newspaper balls, and continue to build up the layers in this way. Concentrate on filling the area between the two pieces of cardboard, building up the cheek area. Step back and view your work every few minutes, to see where you need to build up more shape. Refer back to horse pictures regularly.
Cover the newspaper in masking tape to create a more even, smooth surface to attach the papier-mache to.
Mix a papier-mache paste using half water and half white glue. Submerge newspaper strips in the paste and apply to the head. This is another opportunity to work on building up detail around areas such as the nostrils, mouth and eyes. Allow to dry.
Paint the horse head in the colors of your choice. Use wool for the mane, or, if you know someone with horses, ask if you could borrow a little bit off the tail. Glue the mane down the neck and don't forget the forelock, the part of the mane that reaches down from between the ears to the forehead. To keep the mane really tidy, place another layer of papier-mache down the neck, where the mane is glued. Allow to dry and paint.
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