How to Make Silicone Masks

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Most silicone masks used in movies and other events must be sculpted in clay on a head form, then molded and cast in silicone. This process takes weeks to complete and can be very expensive. You can make a basic silicone mask through a process called building up, by constructing it from the inside out. These masks work well for zombies, monsters and other creatures that don't need smooth, flawless skin.

Things You'll Need

  • Head form
  • Hand soap
  • Paint brushes
  • Silicone - Parts A and B
  • Measuring cup
  • Mixing buckets
  • Silicone pigment
  • Paint sticks
  • Silicone thickener
  • Silicone paint
  • Rubbing alchohol
  • Hair (optional)
  • Razor blade
  • Vinyl gloves (optional)
  • Cover a working surface with butcher paper, then set a head form on top. The form can be made of stone, plastic or any other material as long as the proportions are correct.

  • Brush a layer of hand soap onto the form with a disposable paint brush. This will act as a release agent. Allow the soap to dry, then buff off any excess with a paper towel.

  • Set the containers of a clear, rapid-setting silicone on the work table. These silicones are often sold in two parts, and are mixed in a 1:1 ratio by volume.

  • Pour 6 to 8 ounces of part A into a graduated measuring cup. Then pour this into one of your mixing buckets.

  • Mix a small amount of flesh-toned silicone pigment into part A using a paint stick. The amount you use depends on how intense you want the color to be, so add it in small amounts until you reach the desired appearance.

  • Pour an equal amount of part B into the measuring cup. Then pour this into the mixing bucket.

  • Mix the components thoroughly using another paint stick. Scrape the sides and bottom of the cup as you mix to ensure there is no unmixed product.

  • Spread the silicone over the head form with a paint stick or brush. Apply it to the neck, if so desired.

  • Allow the silicone to cure. The curing time will be listed on the label.

  • Mix a smaller batch of silicone with pigment using a paint stick. Add a few drops of a thickening agent, turning the silicone into a putty.

  • Sculpt features for your mask such as the brow, chin, lips and cheeks with the silicone putty using a craft stick or small brush. Work only in small areas at a time. When the silicone starts to grab the stick, you should stop and make another small batch.

  • Mix a final batch of silicone, with flesh color, using a paint stick and spread it onto the mask to form consistent-looking skin. This will help to disguise any lumps on the sculpted areas.

  • Smooth out the final layer with a paint brush dipped in rubbing alcohol as the silicone cures. You can also tap the silicone with the bristles of the alcohol-coated brush to create a rough-skin texture.

  • Allow the mask to cure for 24 hours.

  • Paint the mask with silicone-based paints.

  • Add hair to the mask, if desired, by painting a thin coat of silicone onto the surface and pressing wig hair into it.

  • Cut out the eyes and mouth of the mask with a razor blade, then peel the mask off of the head form.

  • Rinse any soap residue out of the mask before wearing it.

Tips & Warnings

  • If you want to wear gloves as you work, make sure they are made of vinyl. Latex gloves can prevent some silicones from curing.

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References

  • Photo Credit Jupiterimages/liquidlibrary/Getty Images
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