What to Plant in Fall Vegetable Gardens in Alabama


Fall gardens are a great chance to rotate crops, and having fresh vegetables well into autumn makes a cold season brighter. Vegetables don’t need a particular season to grow, but rather they need particular conditions. Fall vegetables require daylight temperatures no lower than 60 degrees F and no higher than 80. Some light frost isn’t a problem, but nighttime temperatures must be above 40 degrees F. Plant your garden is full sun, so that it gets at least six hours of light a day.

Things You'll Need

  • Hoe or shovel
  • Organic matter
  • Soil test
  • Fertilizer
  • Lime
  • Mulch
  • Prepare the soil for your garden by choosing a well-drained area that gets full sun. Contact your county extension office to get a soil test to determine amendment needs, if you haven’t done so in the last several years.

  • Till the soil using a hoe or shovel and add organic matter such as leaf mold or compost. Work in the fertilizer and lime supplements appropriate to your particular soil. Vegetables tend to prefer a pH between 6.0 and 6.5, and any lime you use to raise your soil’s pH should be added before planting.

  • Plant cabbage, cauliflower, celery, onions and root vegetables such as potatoes, carrots or turnips in September. Plant mustard, kale or spinach in October.

  • Apply a layer of mulch 1 to 2 inches thick over the bed to keep weeds at bay. Keep the mulch 4 to 6 inches away from the base of each plant and seedling.

  • Water during dry periods by giving your garden a deep drink on a weekly basis. Smaller amounts of water, applied more frequently, are only preferable during seed germination.

Tips & Warnings

  • Plant your seeds according to their size, with small seeds -- such as carrot or turnip -- going around ¼ or ½ inch deep, and larger seeds -- bean- or pea-sized -- an inch or so deep.
  • Water plants after transplantation.

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