How to Add a Hand Pump to a Well

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Hand water pumps ease the inconvenience of a prolonged power outage. In fact, if you own a private water supply; live off of the grid; or own a farm, cottage, hostel or hunting lodge, then a hand water pump could meet your needs. Hand pumps come in two distinguishable designs suitable for deep-well and shallow-well water pumps. You may also install the same well casing alongside electric pumps. Installing a hand water pump requires that you have an adequate background in construction plumbing and repair services.

  • Consult the local plumbing code for hose bib back-flow prevention requirements before establishing any hose adapter connections. Verify the contents and serial number on the pump received versus the packing list. Read the instructional manual before beginning the installation process. Wear safety gear to prevent injury, including protective goggles, steel-toed shoes, gloves, a helmet and ear muffs.

  • Shut off the electricity on the main breaker when merging with a submersible pump or jet pump assembly. Dislodge and put aside the existing well cover or well seal. Drill a hole with a power driver through the well casing of the submersible pump and install the electrical conduit inside of the well casing.

  • Lift up your submersible pump or jet assembly and foot valve to create room for the heat pump water cylinder to pass the pit-less adapter.

  • Remove the hand water pump cylinder and red plastic plug from the package. Loosen the piston seal by lifting up the polyvinyl chloride (PVC) tee. Pump the PVC tee to loosen the piston seal. Listen closely for the clicking sound of the check valves located on the water hand pump.

  • Tie the opposite end of the safety rope located on the hand water pump cylinder temporarily to a secure object, such as the well casing.

  • Adjoin the 3/8-inch stainless steel rod and couplings to the cylinder's protruding rod. Thread a retrieval tool through the rod to pull it up as far as possible. Connect a pair of vice grips onto the rod to hold it in place. Secure the couplings and tighten the lock nuts. Tighten the 3/8-inch stainless steel lock nuts on the rod couplings with pliers.

  • Screw the 1 1/4-inch PVC male end into the 1 1/4-inch female thread of the hand water pump cylinder's head. Use Teflon tape on all of the pipe's threads.

  • Lower the hand water pump cylinder and the first half of the PVC pipe onto the well casing using a slotted plywood paddle. Connect the remaining 3/8-inch rod couplings and 1 1/4-inch PVC pipe until all of the pipes have been lowered into the well.

  • Remove the 3/8-inch Allen bolt from the well head with an adjustable wrench. Screw the 3/8-inch protruding rod coupling located on the bottom of the well head to the last coupling on the 1 1/4-inch PVC coupling.

  • Untie the safety rope from the secure object and connect it to the 1/4-inch eye bolt on the well adapter. Align the water well adapter and pump head. Torque the four stainless steel nuts and the 3/8-inch by 3/4-inch bolts to the pump head. Tighten the four square bolts secured to the well adapter through the well casing. Position the four rubber boots on the square bolts located on the well adapter. Attach the pump handle to the lift rod with a 3/8-inch Allen bolt. Test the hand pump for water flow.

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  • Photo Credit hand water pump image by Tomasz Plawski from Fotolia.com
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