How to Cite ASTM Standards

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ASTM International standards are cited by professionals in 135 countries.
ASTM International standards are cited by professionals in 135 countries. (Image: pens and calculator over the engineering drawings image by Elnur from Fotolia.com)

Originally known as the American Society for Testing and Materials, the ASTM officially changed its name to ASTM International in 2001. ASTM International is a non-profit organization that publishes voluntary standards for goods, materials, processes and services. ASTM International, with the help of 141 standards committees representing 30,000 members in 135 countries, annually publishes over 12,000 standards in an 80-volume set. Professionals refer to these standards and cite them in technical papers and journals according to the protocol established by ASTM International. There are eight pieces of information that make up an ASTM International standard reference string.

Citation Protocol for ASTM International Standards

Start the reference string with the basic designation of the standard. For example, "ASTM Standard C33."

Add the edition or version, separated by a comma, from the basic designation. For example, "ASTM Standard C33, 2003." If ASTM has published a revision, cite the revised version.

List the official title of the standard, separated by a comma, after the date. For example, "ASTM Standard C33, 2003, "Specification for Concrete Aggregates."

Add the publisher, separated by a comma, to the reference string after the title. For example, "ASTM Standard C33, 2003, "Specification for Concrete Aggregates," ASTM International."

List the publisher's city and state for American publishers or the publisher's city and province for international publishers, separated by a comma, after the publisher. For American publishers, use the U.S. Post Office two-letter abbreviation for the state. For example, "ASTM Standard C33, 2003, "Specification for Concrete Aggregates," ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA."

Add the original year of publication, separated by a comma, after the publisher's location. For example, "ASTM Standard C33, 2003, "Specification for Concrete Aggregates," ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2003."

List the ASTM index number, separated by a comma, after the year of publication. For example, "ASTM Standard C33, 2003, "Specification for Concrete Aggregates," ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2003, DOI: 10.1520/C0033-03."

Complete the reference string with the website address of the publisher, separated by a comma, after the DOI index number. For example, "ASTM Standard C33, 2003, "Specification for Concrete Aggregates," ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2003, DOI: 10.1520/C0033-03, www.astm.org." Do not include the full URL.

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