How to Design a Public Shower


Creating a nice shower space for a gym, public swimming pool or civic building will make the facility more user-friendly. Families, for example, will desire to frequent a gym or pool with pleasant shower space. Think like a visitor to develop a workable design. Imagine how someone would enter the shower room and proceed to use the space. Keep in mind that designing ample space with elbow room should not affect the overall budget. Placement of walls in regard to lockers, bathroom stalls and shower fixtures will produce a good floor plan.

Things You'll Need

  • Measurements of space
  • Drawings of existing plumbing
  • Drawings of existing electrical components
  • Sketch pad
  • Graph paper
  • Sketch the general dimensions of floor space. Designate where to install the entry door first. Keep in mind that the shower entry space must have a privacy wall to separate dressing/showering areas from public view. Place the entry foyer in the front of the building to the right and showers in the back of the building to the left, for example.

  • Draw a general floor space with plumbing and electricity in mind. Obtain a copy of the layout of the building in terms of plumbing, sewer lines and the electrical breaker box. Keep in mind that locker space will fit where there are no water lines, for example. Plan showers and bathrooms near water and drain lines, if possible.

  • Plan dressing space. Sketch a vanity area with sinks and mirrors above them. Install hair dryers attached to the wall in the sink area. Draw the locker space near the sinks. Plan foot traffic so that visitors can retrieve personal items from a locker and move to the sink area. Plan the vanity space for sinks in full view of lockers, for example. Divide locker space and sink space with a convenient sitting bench to divide the spaces.

  • Sketch bathroom stalls large enough for dressing. Don't skimp on floor space, if possible, and add amenities such as shelving to hold a gym bag. Keep in mind that bathers with small children will appreciate the extra room in bath stalls. Add several hanging hooks on the bathroom stall doors. Place bathroom stalls convenient to the shower areas so that bathers will be able to move easily back and forth between bath stalls and shower space.

  • Design practical showers that are easy to use. Develop an open shower room for a men's locker-room space; however, plan to install separate shower stalls with full doors for women. Install high-quality shower heads, a sitting bench and hanging hooks in all shower spaces. Include convenient shelving for soaps and shampoos. Plan to include doors for shower stalls instead of hanging shower curtains. Keep in mind that plastic curtains retain mold growth, which is a known health hazard.

  • Transfer the design of the public shower area to graph paper. Utilize every square inch by including every wall, fixture and door space drawn to scale.

Tips & Warnings

  • If the overall shower space is large, include a sauna room. A heated room after swimming and bathing is a useful feature for a facility during winter months. Many bathers will want to visit the sauna before they take a shower. Some will want to warm up in a sauna before heading for the parking lot.

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