Touted as the gateway between Africa and Asia, the island nation of Mauritius is known for its business-friendly environment. In fact, according to the World Bank Doing Business rankings, it is the best place for starting a business in Africa. As should be expected, registering a company is straightforward and can be completed in approximately two weeks.
Reserve a company name with the Registrar of Companies. To do this, submit a completed Application for Reservation of a Company Name form or Form 11. The form is available online and can be submitted online if the company’s owner registers with the Mauritius Network Services. If not, the application must be submitted in person at the registrar’s office. The cost is MUR 2,000 (approximately USD $65.46). That amount will be paid annually by all small businesses with yearly profits of less than MUR 30 million (USD $981,996). Once the name is approved, a notice of Notice of Reservation of Name will be issued.
Submit incorporation documents to the Registrar of Companies. The incorporation documents include: the Application for Incorporation of a Company form (Form 1), the Consent and Certificate of Director form (Form 7) if applicable, the Consent of Every Secretary of the Proposed Company form (Form 8), the Consent of Every Shareholder of the Proposed Company form (Form 9), the Notice of Reservation of Name issued by the registrar. These forms are available online. If the company has a constitution, a notarized copy should also be submitted. The constitution is a legal document which contains details on the duties of directors and other officers and though not necessary, helps prevent potential confusion. Incorporation will be completed in about one day.
Apply for a business registration card and number. The application must be made to the Companies Division which is a section of the Registrar of Companies. The reservation fee will depend on the number of staff to be employed. For a workforce consisting of less than 10 people, the fee is MUR 100 (USD $3.27); for a workforce of 11 to 50 people, the cost is MUR 200 (USD $6.54); for 51 to 100 persons, the cost is MUR 400 (USD $13.09); and for a company with more than 100 employees, the business registration cost is MUR 1,000 (USD $32.73). This process will be completed in one day. The registrar will inform the tax office, which will issue a tax account number to the company.
Obtain a building and land-use permit for the company. This permit authorizes the company to begin construction of the company’s offices. The registrar will inform local authorities that an inspection of the land is necessary. The inspection will be completed within approximately four days and a permit will be issued.
Register, for free, with the Social Security office. Complete the registration form for electronic employers, which is available from the website of the Ministry of Social Security, National Solidarity and Reform Institutions.