How to Assign Your Computer a Static IP Address in Windows 7

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An Internet Protocol address is a numerical designation assigned to each computer on a network to allow it to communicate with other computers or devices. In most home networks, a router will dynamically assign an IP address to each computer in the network for a certain period of time, and then renew it as neccesary. Sometimes you may be running an application or have a setup that requires you to assign a static IP address (one that will never change) to your computer.

  • Open the "Start" menu and click Control Panel. Click the "Network and Internet" link, then the Network and Sharing Center link. Click the "View network connections" link to see your adapters.

  • Right-click on the adapter you want to change and choose "Properties" from the list. Click once on "Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4)" to select it and then click the "Properties" button. Click the radio button for "Use the following IP address:" and enter the static IP address you'd like to use in the IP address box.

  • Hit "Tab" when you are finished and the "Subnet mask" value should auto-fill with the proper value. Enter the default gateway, which is normally the IP address of your router. The DNS addresses are typically provided for you by your ISP.

  • Click "OK" to save your changes, then click "OK" again on the Local Area Connection Properties window.

Tips & Warnings

  • If your router is set up to dynamically assign IP addresses through DHCP, be sure to configure your router so that it does not assign your static IP address to another computer on your network. This will cause you to have either intermittent or constant network communication issues.

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