According to AllAboutCircuits.com, electrical resistance, measured in Ohms, is essentially electrical friction encountered by electrons as they move through a conductor. Ohms are typically symbolized by the Greek letter omega. The easiest way to measure resistance in a circuit is to use an ohmmeter or a multimeter. Most electricians will use a multimeter as it allows them to measure different things with the same instrument. If you are planning on doing any electrical work in your house it's a good idea to have solid grasp on using an ohmmeter.
Things You'll Need
- An ohmmeter or multimeter
- Red and black electrical leads
Select the ohms setting on your multimeter and set it to the highest resistance range available. Some models will auto-set the range for you. If you are using an ohmmeter, set it to the highest resistance range.
Plug the black lead into the socket labeled "Com" on your meter. Plug the red lead into the socket marked by the Greek letter omega.
Touch the ends of the two leads together. If your meter is properly functioning the display should read 0.0. It may read a slight bit higher, as the leads themselves have resistance, but if it reads over 0.3, you may have a defective meter.
Touch each the end of each lead to the end of the wire you wish to measure. Touch the leads to the wire at the same time to complete a circuit. The meter should display a reading of the resistance in ohms of the wire.
Make a note of the reading and adjust power as necessary to ensure proper functionality of the circuit.
How to Use an Ohmmeter
Ohm's law breaks down into the basic equation: Voltage = Current x Resistance. Current is generally measured in amps, and resistance in...
How to Measure Electrical Resistance
Electrical resistance is the measurement used to determine the flow of electrical current and how much that flow is impeded. This is...
How to Read a Digital Multimeter Ohm Scale
A digital multimeter can be used to measure voltage, amperage and resistance. Resistance values are measured in ohms, thousands-of-ohms, and millions-of-ohms. The...